Keywords : GRAFT FOR ORBIT
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 1565-1569
AIM: TO REVIEW THE VARIOUS MATERIALS USED FOR RECONSTRUCTION OF THE ORBIT IN MAXILLOFACIAL TRAUMA CASES.
BODY: Orbital bone fractures are in fact very often associated with trauma to the maxillofacial region due to road traffic accidents, assaults, war injuries, resulting in either a blowout fracture or a blow in fracture of the floor, fracture of the lateral wall of orbit, medial wall of orbit, posterior wall of orbit, roof of orbit, infraorbital and supraorbital rim of orbit. These defects cause various forms of morbidity to the patients and thus need to repaired without much complications. There are various materials that have come to be in use in the reconstruction of the orbit which fall into the three main categories of autologous, allogenic and alloplastic materials. We shall in this review literature delve into the deeper aspects of most of the commonly available and some of the newer materials being used, so as to understand the benefits and complications of using them.
CONCLUSION: We can conclude that there is no single grafting material which is suitable for all cases every time without any complications. Thus, traditional materials are to be used until a more viable material is found