Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : LASER


LASERS IN ORTHODONTICS – A REVIEW

Dr. SOWMYA MOHAN KUMAR; Dr. THULASIRAM; Dr. KANNAN SABAPATHY

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 1669-1674

LASERs have been used in the field of dentistry for more than 40 years. Their wide range of application and reduced pain perception and bloodless procedure makes them readily acceptable for clinical practice. They have multiple advantages such as reduction in treatment duration, increase patient’s level of acceptance that helps orthodontists to improve on their treatment efficiency, improve smile esthetics by reducing patient discomfort. Pertaining to orthodontics, LASER application includes pain reduction, alternate to routine etching and bonding techniques, accelerating tooth movement, debonding of brackets, numbering of brackets, increase implant stability a, bracket mesh designing, reduction in rate of demineralization and soft tissue procedures namely, frenectomy, gingivectomy, exposure of impacted teeth, operculectomy, papilla flattening, etc. Like any other technique, LASERs have their own disadvantages. This review article is about the use of LASER in orthodontics, their effects on different tissue, mechanism by which it is formed and various types of commercially available LASERs and their uses clinically.

Innovative Methods Of Miscellaneous Skin Inclusions Removal And Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation Correction

Anastasiya V. FridmanSorokina

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 214-221

Scarless tattoo extraction remains as a major problem in a cosmetology field nowadays. At the moment laser removing method is a basic procedure for tattoo removal. However, this technology is painful and leads to significant trauma of the skin cover. Thise article presents a new combination of laser and chemical technique for skin inclusions removal. The group of techniques belongs to the chemical industry and represents a lightning and neutralizing composition and a method for removing a dye introduced under the skin. The skin area with dye is exposed to a laser effect. After laser exposure an oxidizing composition of 2-3 mm thickness is applied. Oxidizing composition: carboxylic acids, fermented celandine oil extracts and propylene-glycol celandine extracts. The main novelty of the method is presented by several chain processes: in applying of the oxidizing composition on the skin surface after laser radiation, a significant role is played by physicochemical characteristics changes of the skin. Without the skin surface damaging, the percentage of chemical reactions dissociations aimed at removing the pigment is raising which shows better efficiency comparing with classical laser method of dye particles removing.