Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Keratitis

An epidemiological study on corneal opacities in the age group of 10-70 years at a tertiary care center in Telangana

Dr. Polimera Padmavathi, Dr. N. Haindavi, Dr. SVijaya Sree

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 2742-2747

Context: A prospective epidemiological study on corneal opacities in the age group of 10-70 years with objectives as to study the distribution of corneal opacities according to age, gender, education, occupation, residence (urban/rural), laterality of the eye, socio-economic status and also to assess various modifiable epidemiological factors and find preventive measures.
Methods: This is an observational prospective study conducted on patients presenting with corneal opacities to the outpatient Department of Cornea and Trauma in Sarojini Devi Eye Hospital for a duration of 18 months from November 2018 to March 2020. Patients with corneal opacities in the age group of 10-70 years were included. Congenital causes of corneal opacities, patients with corneal opacities below 10 years and above 70 years, patients with nystagmus, patients with pterygium were excluded. All the patients were explained about the study and detailed history of the patient and detailed evaluation was done, the data was collected in terms of Cause, Age and Gender distribution, Literacy, Rural/Urban, Occupation, Socio-economic status, Laterality and statistical analysis was done.
Conclusion: Keratitis was the commonest cause of corneal opacity found in our study followed by trauma.

Pattern of Red Eye Manifestations in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India

Dr.Pallavi Sharma, Dr.Sachit Mahajan, Dr.Amit Sharma

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 1912-1916

Background and Objectives: Red eye is common presentation to ophthalmology out-patient
and emergency clinics. The spectrum of diseases range from conjunctivitis, keratitis,
epicscleritis, scleritis, trauma, dry eye disease to orbital cellulitis, angle closure glaucoma and
endophthalmitis. Detailed history and complete ocular examination are necessary for accurate
diagnosis. This study was conceptualized to determine the most common causes of red eyes, in
an effort to generate evidence, which would help us in managing the causes of red eye more
Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried was out in 500 patients who
presented to Ophthalmology out-patient clinics of GMC Jammu with red eye. Detailed history
was taken from each patient and complete ocular examination was performed. The data was
expressed as percentages and subsequently analyzed with the OpenEpi online software version
3. A p value <0.05 was considered as statistically significant. All p value used were two-tailed.
Results: The mean age in our study was 36.85±11.6 years with age range of 18-60 years. There
were 57.8% males and 42.2% females. Most patients (58.8%) were from urban areas. The most
common causes of red eye were conjunctivitis (35.4%), foreign bodies (26.8%) and
conjunctival degenerations (14.4%). Most of the patients (85.2%) presented within 14 days of
onset of red eye.
Conclusion: Red eye can be differential diagnosis of many ocular conditions. Accurate
diagnosis is very important for appropriate management. Most common causes of red eye
include conjunctivitis, foreign bodies and conjunctival degenerations.