Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Orthodontic treatment


ADULT ORTHODONTICS- A REVIEW

Gurinderpal Singh; Gurpreet Kaur; Anil Prashar; Gurmeet Kaur .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 8, Pages 2213-2222

Adult orthodontics is becoming a larger proportion of many practices. Orthodontics for the adult patient is concerned with striking a balance between achieving optimal proximal and occlusal contact of the teeth, acceptable dentofacialaesthetics, normal function, and reasonable stability. With the adult, it is more frequently concerned with physiological adaptation and is often symptom related, whereas with the child the dealing is with the signs. In the past three decades, a major reorientation of orthodontic thinking has occurred regarding adult patients. Changed lifestyles and patient awareness have increased the demands for adult orthodontic treatment and multidisciplinary dental therapy has allowed better management of the more complicated and unique requirements of the adult patient population, thereby greatly improving the quality of care and treatment prognosis. In addition to goal clarification, adult patients desire treatment efficiency, convenience in appointment timings and good communication with other health care professionals. Almost 80% of the adult patients require interdisciplinary treatment planning and treatment execution. The purpose of this article is to review the scope, effectiveness and limitations of orthodontic treatment in adult patients.

A Questionnaire Survey On The Perception Of Orthodontic Treatment According To Age Between Medical And Non-Medical Professionals In Gujarat

Dr. Zalak H. Patel;Dr. Ajay Kubavat;Dr. Sanjeev Jakati;Dr. Khyati Patel Dr. Mansi Mehta;Dr. Manan Shah

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 8, Pages 1931-1938

Aim: Estimate the overall frequencies of positive perception towards orthodontic treatment among medical and general population. Objective: To compare the percentage of interest in orthodontic treatment between medical and non-medical professional and according to age. Material and method: 60 medical and 60 non-medical professional participated in the study. Questionnaire was given to them and necessary data was tabulated. The medical and non-medical professionals’ perception towards orthodontic treatment was recorded. Statistical analysis: chi-square test and fischer’s exact test. Result: The overall rate of positive response towards orthodontic treatment of medical group was 75% while 51.7% was found for non-medical group. According to age younger group i.e 20s and 30s showed better perception towards orthodontics treatment than the middle-aged group. conclusion:  study concludes that awareness is still required for both the medical and non-medical professional for orthodontic treatment and middle-age population has to be taken in consideration when it comes to awareness for orthodontic treatment.

A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY SOCIAL PERCEPTIONS OF ADULTS WEARING ORTHODONTIC APPLIANCES

Dr. Parul Singh, Dr. Amit Kumar Khajuria, Dr. Gaurav Agarwal

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 2108-2111

In this study, young adult orthodontic patients' subjective assessments of their own social competence (SC), intellectual ability (IA), psychological adjustment (PA), and beauty were evaluated. With 260 undergraduates, a cross-sectional analytical questionnaire study was done. Each participant was required to see a single, randomly chosen colour photograph of a young adult girl before making assessments of her personality traits. The same young adult female was depicted in five altered photos: (1) with no appliance, (2) with a fixed stainless steel orthodontic appliance, (3) with a fixed ceramic orthodontic appliance, (4) with a fixed gold orthodontic appliance, and (5) with a clear, colourless aligner. Likert scales were utilised, with higher scores denoting more favourable reviews. The chi-square test was used to analyse the results. For SC and PA, there were no discernible differences in the looks of the various orthodontic appliances. There was a tendency where the transparent aligner or no appliance appearance was viewed as more attractive than the visible buccal fixed appliances. In the absence of additional information, a young adult's perceptions of a young adult's personal traits are influenced by their teeth's look and the design of their orthodontic appliances. This might affect how you choose your orthodontic device.

Horizontal and Vertical Bone loss After Active Orthodontic Treatment: A Clinical Retrospective Study

George Sam

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 5276-5286

Aims and objectives: The present study will be aimed to assess the Horizontal and vertical bone loss before and after active orthodontic treatment in 105 patients in the city of Alkharj, Riyadh region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Materials and methods: Pre and post orthodontic treatment OPG of 105 patients were selected form clinics in random from the Riyadh region of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia for the study. Descriptive statistics, analysis of variance, Scheffe post hoc analysis for group comparison, and level of significance.
Results: When the OPG of 105 samples were studied, a statistically significant values and results [P<0.05]were revealed with relation to bone loss in upper left posterior area, bone loss in upper right posterior area, bone loss in lower left posterior area, bone loss in lower anterior area and bone loss in lower right posterior area before and after orthodontic treatment.

SPACE ANALYSIS BY MOYERS METHOD, TANAKA-JOHNSTON METHOD, AND SITEPU METHOD IN MIXED DENTITION

Ratih Cahyaning Puri; Sindy Cornelia Nelwan; Tania Saskianti

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 778-782

Background: The prevalence of malocclusion in Indonesia is very high, which is around 80% of the total population. Orthodontic treatment in the mixed dentition stage is the right time to minimize the occurrence of malocclusion, and it requires space analysis in advance. To predict the space required in space analysis, prediction methods can be applied, such as Moyers method, Tanaka- Johnston method, and Sitepu method. These three methods are obtained from studies with different races.
Objective: This research was conducted to determine the differences in the results of space analysis with the three methods.
Methods: Seventy-three (73) dental casts were obtained from children aged 8-12 years at SD Negeri Gubeng 1. The space available and space required was measured by these three methods. The discrepancy of these methods was calculated based on the space available and the space required. The results were statistically analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis.
Results: By Kruskall-Wallis test, the space analysis measurement method in maxillary arch showed no significant differences (p> 0.05), while in mandibular arch showed significant differences (p< 0.05).Mann-Whitney Utest on the maxillary arch showed no significant differences (p> 0.05), while in mandibular arch was (p< 0.05). This means that there was a significant difference between the Moyers method in mandibular arch and the Sitepu method in mandibular arch, and also between the Tanaka-Johnston method in mandibular arch and the Sitepu method in mandibular arch.
Conclusion: By using these three methods, the results of space analysis on mandibular arch showed a significant difference, while on maxillary arch showed no significant differences.

THIRD MOLARS IN ORTHODONTICS

K.C. SUBHIKSHA; Dr. THAILAVATHY; Dr. KANAN SABAPATHY

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 1742-1748

The role of the third molars in the oral cavity have been extensively studied throughout the years. Various literatures discuss various aspects of the third molar teeth. But the subject that hasn’t been explored much is the influence of third molars on orthodontic treatment. The aim of this review is to throw light on the role of third molars in orthodontic treatment and their influence on late mandibular crowding.

LIMITATIONS OF ADULT ORTHODONTICS- A REVIEW

K.C. SUBHIKSHA; Dr. SARAVANAN; Dr. KANAN SABAPTHY

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 1737-1741

The number of adult patients seeking orthodontic treatment has increased over the past few years. While treating adult patients various factors like their psychosocial factors and systemic factors have to be considered in addition apart from the regular treatment planning. Also while treating the adult patients an interdisciplinary approach is often necessary. The treatment for adults differ from that of adolescent patients and has certain limitations to it.Hence the aim of this review article is to throw light on the various limitations of adult orthodontics.

PREDICTION OF INCISAL TOOTH MORPHOLOGY IN PATIENTS REPORTING FOR ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT

Hanshika Ravi; Dr.A. Sumathi Felicita; Dr.Dinesh prabu

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 2056-2065

Morphology of tooth varies among individual patient.It is an important consideration in evaluating occlusion and esthetics.The incisor teeth have different shapes namely triangular, rhomboid, square. Shape of incisors also plays a major role in esthetics.It is important for proper finishing of the dentition at the end of orthodontic treatment.The aim of this study is to determine the incisal tooth morphology of the patients visiting the orthodontic treatment.This study was conducted as a hospital based study localised to the Chennai population. Data was systematically reviewed and retrieved from the archived database.The data was grouped into two groups. Group 1 patients had class I malocclusion and Group 2 Patients had class II and Class III malocclusion. Shape of incisors were evaluated for all the patients of both the groups. On analysing the results, among the patients of Group1, 84.21% of the males and 91.30% of the females had triangular incisors.Among the patients of Group 2, 70.59% of males and 68.42% of the females had triangular incisors, irrespective of the type of malocclusion. On chi square analysis, the value was found to be 0.356 ( p value > 0.005), does not have significant association.It was concluded that the most predominant shape of the incisors was found to be triangular

A RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS ASSESSING THE FREQUENCY OF ADOLESCENTS WITH PARTIALLY EDENTULOUS ARCH WILLING TO TO UNDERGO ORTHODONTIC CORRECTION BEFORE PROSTHETIC REPLACEMENT

Faazila Fathima; Remmiya Mary Varghese; Dr.Senthil Murugan P

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1879-1886

Orthodontic tooth movement prior to prosthetic treatment is necessary for some patients, in order to optimize both esthetic and functional aspects of dental treatment.A patient may require prosthetic orthodontic interdisciplinary treatment when he/she has missing teeth.Orthodontic treatment will help in correcting the tooth alignment such that sufficient space is available for replacement.However,even though various options are available for treatment of missing teeth, patients preference is of utmost importance. The aim of the study is to assess the frequency of adolescents with missing teeth willing to undergo orthodontic correction before prosthetic replacement.It is a university setting study. 322 adolescent patients reporting to the orthodontic department in Saveetha dental college were included in the study. These patients were assessed for missing teeth and their willingness to undergo orthodontic correction. The data was entered in SPSS and analyzed using Chi square test. From the results, it was observed that the majority (54%) of the adolescents with missing teeth were not willing to undergo orthodontic correction before prosthetic replacement. Individuals in the age group of 16 to 20 years (65% ) showed more willingness for orthodontic treatment. Also, 58% of the females in the study population were willing for orthodontic correction while only 39% of the males preferred orthodontic correction.Within the limitations of the current study, it can be concluded that the majority of the adolescents with missing teeth were not willing for orthodontic correction before prosthetic replacement.This may be due to increased treatment time required and lack of awareness on the effectiveness of interdisciplinary treatment approach.