Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : dry eye


Comparative evaluation of dry eye syndrome in patients following phacoemulsification and manual small incision cataract surgery

Dr. Harsimran Singh, Dr. Raminderjit Singh, Dr. Dipak Narwade, Dr. Akash, Dr. Subah Mahajan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 4887-4896

Background: Cataract is the major cause of blindness in the developing world. This
study aimed at evaluation of tear film stability and tear secretion after
phacoemulsification compared with MSICS.
Materials and methods: This was a prospective, comparative randomized study that
included 100 patients diagnosed with senile cataract. Patients fulfilling the inclusion and
exclusion criteria were enrolled and randomized into 2 groups of 50 patients each:
Group A who underwent manual small incision cataract surgery (SICS) and Group B
who underwent cataract surgery with phacoemulsification technique. Post-operatively
follow up was done at 1 week, 1 month and 3 months respectively in both the groups.
The patients were subjected to same TBUT, Schirmer’s and OSDI scoring at each visit.
Results: Comparison between two groups showed non significant tear film and ocular
surface indices over period of three months. Both groups showed initial reduction in
mean Schirmer’s and TBUT at immediate postoperative period ( 1 week) followed by
gradual improvement to near baseline at 1 and 3 months postoperative follow up period
but still significantly lower than the preoperative values. Both groups showed initial
increased in mean OSDI score at 1 week followed by gradual decreased in mean OSDI
score at 1 and 3 months postoperative follow up period.
Conclusion: Cataract surgery has detrimental effect on tear function in the immediate
postoperative period. Effects gradually recover following a month of surgery but do not
come to preoperative levels even by 3 months. This holds true for both SICS and
phacoemulsification.

PATTERN OF DRY EYE IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN JAMMU REGION

Dr. Pallavi Sharma, Dr. Amit Sharma, Dr. Sanjay Kai

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 113-117

Background: Dry eye is one of the most important causes of ocular
morbidity.Postmenopausal women often present with dry eye symptoms. The purpose of
this study is to assess the pattern of dry eye in post menopausal women attending
ophthalmology OPD in GMCJammu.
Material and methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 patients attending
ophthalmology OPD in GMCJammufrom June 2018 to December 2018.After the detailed
history,patients were subjected to complete ophthalmic examination,dry eye tests for
example schirmer’s test and tear film breakup time were done, for the assessment of dry
eye.
Results:Out of the 200 patients,most commonly dry eye was seen in the age group 61 to 65
years and mostly in patients engaged in outdoor occupation.
Conclusion: If the symptoms are detected early,patients can be benefitted. The optimal care
includes early detection and adequate use of lubricants in these patients.

PATTERN OF DRY EYE IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN JAMMU REGION.

Dr. Pallavi Sharma, Dr. Amit Sharma, Dr. Sanjay Kai

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 140-144

Background:Dry eye is one of the most important causes of ocular
morbidity.Postmenopausal women often present with dry eye symptoms. The purpose of
this study is to assess the pattern of dry eye in post menopausal women attending
ophthalmology OPD in GMCJammu.
Material and methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 patients attending
ophthalmology OPD in GMCJammufrom June 2018 to December 2018.After the detailed
history,patients were subjected to complete ophthalmic examination,dry eye tests for
example schirmer’s test and tear film breakup time were done, for the assessment of dry
eye.
Results:Out of the 200 patients,most commonly dry eye was seen in the age group 61 to 65
years and mostly in patients engaged in outdoor occupation.
Conclusion: If the symptoms are detected early,patients can be benefitted. The optimal care
includes early detection and adequate use of lubricants in these patients.