Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Accessory Renal Artery

A comparative study of Bilateral Accessory Renal Artery in Male and Females with different parameters

Dr. Bhimsen Tyagi, Shaily Saxena, Dr.(Major)Vinay Kumar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 129-139

Background- Accessory renal arteries are very common variant in humans, it may be or not
bilateral, vestigial structure that develops during the ascent of the kidney from the pelvis to
the lumbar region. The purpose of this study to evaluate and compare the frequency, Length,
Diameter of Accessory renal artery in male and females of Western U.P. Population.
Method and Material- The data was collected by using CT Scan machine G.E 64 slice with
software Syngo angiography of 100 patients was collected. CT angiography scan was made
and thin slices (0.6 mm) axial images were obtained. The frequency of accessory renal
arteries, Length and Diameter can be evaluated & compared in male and females subjects. A
correlation is considered significant when p < 0.05. For comparing continuous variables, the
t-test was applied. All the statistical analysis was done by SPSS software.
Result- In this study, Ct angiogram more than 50 males and 50 females subjects were
included and 37 ARA out of 100 subjects is present. Accessory renal arteries are present in
31% of cases. 5% ARAs present at Rt side, 20% ARAs present at left side, and 6% ARAs
present Bilaterally. The frequency of accessory renal arteries are present in male cases(21%)
more than female(10%).
Mean length of ARA in RT side in case of male is 41.57±10.41mm and in case of female
39.32±11.7mm. and on LT side length of ARA in male is 48.36±15.44mm and female is
44.33±12.17mm. Diameter of ARA from origin in RT side in case of male is 2.30±0.40 mm
and in case of female is 1.82±0.45mm and on LT side in case of male is 2.26±0.78mm and in
case of female is 2.38±0.78mm.
Conclusion- This Publication highlights the importance of the recognition of the presence of
renal artery variants if surgical procedures are indicated in Western UP. Moreover, CT
Angiography can reveal pathologies of the renal arteries of the kidneys.