Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Western Ontario and Mcmaster Universities Arthritis Scores

Association Between Knee Inflammation and Knee Pain in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis: An Institutional Based Study

Shakti Condil Sharma, Vijay Sharma

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 657-662

Objective: The aim of the present study is to determine the association between knee
inflammation and knee pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis.
Methods: A total of 250 patients with knee OA were included in this study. The
diagnosis was based on the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria for knee
OA. The severity of knee pain, stiffness, and disability were measured using the
Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC).
Results: The mean age of the patients was 50.11 ± 6.34 years. Kellgren-Lawrence
grading scale and age or disease duration were positively and significantly associated,
whereas none of the WOMAC sub-scores were found to be related with Kellgren-
Lawrence grading scale (P > 0.05). On the other hand, WOMAC disability scores were
significantly associated with WOMAC pain and WOMAC stiffness (P < 0.01).
Conclusion: Knee pain, stiffness, and duration of disease may affect the level of
disability in the patients with knee OA. Therefore, treatment of knee OA could be
planned according to the clinical features and functional status.