Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : non-diabetic


To determine the outcome of cataract surgery in diabetic and non-diabetic individuals

Dr Anil Kumar Chouhan, Dr. Twinkle Garg, Dr. Preeti Sharma

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 4273-4278

Aim: To determine the outcome of cataract surgery in diabetic and non-diabetic individuals.
Methods and Materials: 100 diabetic and 100 age-matched non-diabetic people were studied. The current research included all diabetes patients who had cataract surgery. This research comprised diabetic individuals aged 30 to 60 years. Subjects in the non-diabetic group were of similar age and gender who underwent cataract extraction within the same time period. Diabetes was diagnosed based on fasting sugar readings of higher than 120 mg/dl.
Results: The study group consisted of 100 diabetes patients, whereas the control group consisted of 100 non-diabetic individuals. At 10 days, the incidence of post-surgical visual acuity in the diabetes and non-diabetic groups was 0.17 and 0.24, respectively. After three months, the incidence of post-surgical visual acuity in the diabetes and non-diabetic groups was 0.33 and 0.40, respectively. When comparing the means, the findings were non-significant. The difference in post-operative visual acuity between the two research groups at various time intervals. Striate keratopathy was the most prevalent post-surgical complication in both the diabetes and non-diabetic groups (15% vs 9%) respectively. Posterior capsular opacity 13(13%) and 7(7%), and Posterior capsular rent 12% and 9% in diabetic and non-diabetic patients, respectively, were followed by Pigment dispersion 11% and 8% in diabetic and non-diabetic patients.
Conclusion: We conclude that diabetic patients should not be refused for cataract surgeries. However, there is need for taking extra- precautions as diabetic subjects might be more prone for surgical associated complications.

Assessment of lipid profiles of young diabetic and nondiabetic stroke patients: A teaching hospital based study

Dr. Gautam Gupta

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 986-992

Background:Lipid profile in patients with cerebrovascular disease and to determine
significant correlation between them. To ascertain the effect of age and sex on serum lipid
profile.The diagnosis of diabetes in a stroke patient would change the initial management of
that patient, specifically with respect to other risk factors like lipid and blood pressure
management.
Aims and Objectives: To study lipid profile in diabetic and non-diabetic newly diagnosed
young stroke patients.
Materials and Methods: A total of 138 patients were admitted during study period were
selected by simple random sampling with acute stroke in the study. Fasting total cholesterol,
triglycerides, high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low density lipoprotein
cholesterol (LDL-C) were measured from venous blood samples.
Results and Observations: The mean HbA1c for group D and group ND were 9.04±1.02
and 4.85±0.45 respectively. This difference in HbA1c among patients in two groups was
statistically significant. The mean values of LDL, VLDL, total cholesterol and triglycerides
showed significant association between two groups. Levels of HDL were significantly lower
in Group D as compared to Group ND.
Conclusion: The lipid profile of LDL, VLDL, total cholesterol and triglycerides showed
significant higher range in diabetic patients as compared to non-diabetics while HDL was
lower in diabetic patients as compared to non-diabetics.