Keywords : Hirsutism
Risk Factors For Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Among Adolescent Girls In Urban Visakhapatnam
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 28-35
Introduction:Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine
abnormality affecting women of reproductive age, but this condition is still not
completely understood. As it is linked with many chronic conditions such as
cardiovascular and diabetes, there is need to identify the condition at the earliest.
Methods: A cross-sectional Community-based study was conducted in urban
Visakhapatnam in November 2020 among 132 adolescent girls aged between 15 to 19
years to study the prevalence of PCOS among adolescents to identify the risk factors for
polycystic ovarian syndrome. Multistage sampling was used to select the study
participants from six urban zones, information collected using a PCOS validated
questionnaire modified to suit locally. Diagnosis of PCOS was based on
Rotterdam/ESHRE criteria examination for obesity, hirsutism, acne and acanthosis.
Results: Six percentof the study subjects were found to have possible diagnosis of
PCOS. Family history of risk factors for PCOS such as maternal menstrual
irregularities, diabetes and obesity was found in 12.1% of study subjects.Increased BMI
was seen in 6.8% girls and 24 .1% had abnormal menstruation.
Conclusion:Family history, increased BMIand presence of clinical findings as abnormal
growth of hair and acne are found to be significantly associated.