Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : policies


Dr. Km. Arti; Prof. (Dr.) A.K. Pandey

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 1929-1935

The Animal is a nice creation of nature or God and it a beauty of the earth as well as part of the environment. Here the first question is whether an animal can be considered as a person. According to Salmond animals are not persons since they are incapable to hold rights and duties. But it is not true no doubt persons are two types into natural and legal persons. A natural person is a real human being with having rights and duties by birth and protected by law and State. Juristic persons are created and formulated by the law and having some rights recognized by State. An animal is a legal person when anyone has created cruelty towards animals. The term Animal is very wide and defined under the Wild Life law 1972, only living organisms like vertebrate animals, birds reptiles, amphibians, fish, other chordates, and invertebrates and also includes their youngsters and eggs, etc. mentioned in term animals. Our Indian constitution also protected the rights of animals through Article 21. In the A. Nagaraja1 case, the Indian Apex Court explained the status of animals in our legal system is very dignified. The animals are also a crucial part of human mankind as well as the goddess part of the environment. The Indian Constitutional scheme has incorporated the concept of welfare of animals like freedoms and protection of animals, provide better care and treatment for the animal. It is a utility for the development of nations and economies. The decision has played a greater role in the protection of the rights of animals and developed animal jurisprudence in India. So we can say the animal is not only the property of a person as well as prohibited cruelty towards animals. I consider this paper, rights of Animals in the Indian legal system as well as where that a treated a property.

Challenges Of Policy Implementation In Government Of Malawi

Dr. Manvendra Singh; Bertha Pidini

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5881-5884

Decisions are what shape actions, if decisions remain unimplemented it means that there can be no change. A decision is a best choice chosen among the alternatives. To be able to come up with a good decision, scholars have come up with a well-defined process which guides the steps that need to be taken for individuals and organisations to make the optimum decision possible. Decision making reduces uncertainty. Many decisions made by the organisations, most of the times become policies but not all decisions are policies. In Malawi, a landlocked country in south eastern region of Africa, many decisions in form of policies that are made by the department of human resource management and development never yield the results they intended and most of the policies remain unimplemented or partially implemented as shown by the persistence of the problems which were supposed to be addressed by these policies. This paper is an attempt to answer these relevant questions about the decisions made by the Malawian government over the period of time and their real grassroots level of execution in which many elements have been shown to impact the decision-making process from the will of the people to the availability of resources.