Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : refractive error


Dr Pankaj Baranwal, Dr Rohit Shahi, Dr Asha Verma

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 244-250

Background: Most effective and well-accepted treatment modality for correction of visual
impairment associated with refractive error is wearing spectacles. Visual impairment also
affects the social, professional, and developmental aspects of the affected subjects.
Aim: The present cross-section clinical study was conducted to assess the factors governing
the non-compliance towards spectacle-wearing in Indian children of less than six years of age
having refractive errors.
Methods: In 102 child subjects with the age group of less than 6 years, having refractive
errors, and were prescribed wearing spectacles for correction of refractive errors. Noncompliance
was considered when parents gave the history of not wearing spectacles by child
subjects for a minimum of 6 hours every day. Demographic characteristics and other
parameters assessed were the financial issue, peer pressure, broken glasses, lost glasses, glass
intolerance, squint, hypermetropia, myopia, anisometropia, and/or astigmatism. The collected
data were subjected to statistical evaluation.

Assessment of pattern of amblyopia in children in the age group 5 to 15 years

Dr. Shreyanshi Sharma,Dr. Sushil Ojha

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 1574-1580

Background:Amblyopia is an important public health problem leading to visual impairment
which is lifelong. Refractive error is one of the common causes of amblyopia. The present
study was conducted to assess pattern of amblyopia in children in the age group between 5
to15 years.
Materials & Methods:180 children in the age group between 5 to15 years with amblyopia of
both genders were included. All cases underwent ophthalmic examination using visual acuity
by Snellen vision chart, cycloplegic refraction by streak retinoscope, auto-refrectometer,
thorough anterior and posterior segment and examination by slit lamp biomicroscopy,
ophthalmoscopy and assessment of the ocular alignment by cover-uncover test and ocular
Results: Age group 5-10 years comprised of 100 and age group 10-15 years had 80 children.
common types were Myopia seen in 30, Hypermetropia in 65, Myopic Astigmatism in 60 and
Hypermetropic Astigmatism in 25 cases. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Types of
Amblyopia was Monocular in 70 and binocular in 110 cases. The difference was significant
(P< 0.05).

Screening for visual impairment in school children of Lucknow District

Dr. Priyanka Malik, Dr. Sneha Pal

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 944-948

Aim: To study the magnitude of visual impairment among school children.
Material & Methods: The current study was conducted in three schools of Lucknow district. Study subjects comprised all students in Class VIII and IX of all the three schools. A total of 432 students were enrolled for the study. Out of all, 220 were male and 212 were females.
Results: Low vision (<20/60) in the better eye was found in 3.1% children; while 1.4% children had visual acuity equivalent to blindness (<20/200). No significant association was present between the gender of students and compliance with refraction (P>0.05) and regular use of spectacles (P>0.05).
Conclusion: Refractive error is an important cause of avoidable blindness among rural school children. Behavior change communication among rural masses by spreading awareness about eye health and conducting operational research at school and community level to involve parent’s teachers associations and senior students to motivate students for use of spectacles may improve utilization of existing eye health services in rural areas.