Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Abdominal surgeries


SIMULTANEOUS USE OF DEXMEDETOMIDINE AND CLONIDINE AS POTENT ADJUVANT TO ROPIVACAINE FOR EPIDURAL ANESTHESIA IN LOWER LIMB AND LOWER ABDOMINAL SURGERIES; A COMPARATIVE STUDY

M. Prashanth, Shepuri Swetha

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 5, Pages 31-38

Background: The potential and duration of analgesia can be increased by adding a suitable alpha 2 adrenergic agonists as adjuvants to ropivacaine during elective lower limb surgical procedures under epidural anaesthesia. Still there is a scope for research on the effects of clonidine and dexmedetomidine as potent adjuvants in epidural local anesthetics. The aim of our study is to compare the effect of clonidine and dexmedetomidine when used as an adjuvant to epidural ropivacaine in lower abdominal and lower limb surgeries.
Materials and Methods: Patients were randomized into fourgroups Group R (n=30) patients received 10ml of 1% isobaric ropivacaine alone, Group RC (n=30) patients received 10ml of 1% isobaric ropivacaine with clonidine 1μg/kg, Group RD (n=30) patients received 10ml of 1% isobaric ropivacaine with Dexmedetomidine 1μg/kg, Group RCD (n=30) patients received 10ml of 1% isobaric ropivacaine with 0.5μg/kg Dexmedetomidine and 0.5μg/kg of clonidine. Onsetofsensory analgesia using colds wab, onset of motor blockade using Bromage scale, time to 2 dermatome regression of sensory level, time to first demand for analgesia, sedationusing Ramsaysedation scale, intra operative hemodynamic parameters and complication swere assessed.
Results: The impressive and practically applicable results were obtained in Group RCD with respect to Results: The impressive and practically applicable results were obtained in Group RCD with respect to time for onset of analgesia (29 ± 3.9 sec), maximum sensory level (T 4.12 ± 1.1), time to peak sensory level (3.49 ± 1.2 min), time for two segment sensory regression (150 ± 12.3min), time taken for sensory regression to s1 (372.5 ± 17.1), duration of analgesia (439.3 ± 64.6 min), regression to Bromage 0 (41±11.3), onset to Bromage 3 (390 ± 32.9 min) and vas score (3.10±0.50).
Conclusion: The study results strongly conclude the use of 0.5μg/kg Dexmedetomidine and 0.5μg/kg of clonidine as aneffective adjuvant to10ml of 1% isobaric ropivacaine forepiduralanesthesia in lower limb and lower abdominal surgeries.

EVALUATION OF SURGICAL SITE INFECTION IN ABDOMINAL SURGERIESIN THE DEPARTMENT OF GENERAL SURGERY IN A TERTIARY CARE CENTRE- AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY

Dr. Bhanumati Giridharan,Dr.Pankaj Surana, Dr.Byomokesh Patro, Dr. P. Dhanasekaran,Dr. P. N. Shanmugasundaram

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 251-258

Background: Surgical site infection is increasingly recognized as a measure of the quality of patient
care by surgeons, the incidence of SSI in our environment is still high when compared to the
developed world.
Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate the incidence, risk factors and the types of Surgical
Site Infection (SSI) in postoperative abdominal surgeries.
Methods: Immediate postoperative period of the patients was followed up. Wound was examined on
day 2, then everyday till the day of discharge. Signs of SSI were looked for. If the patient developed
SSI in this period, then type of SSI was classified and swab culture was performed to identify the
microorganism and antibiotic sensitivity pattern. CDC (Centre for disease Prevention and Control)
criterion was used for diagnosis and classification of SSI. Patient was treated and discharged. All the
details were recorded in the proforma. The patients were followed up every week till 30 days.
Results: The SSI rate in our study was 14% and risk factors associated with SSI in our study are
smoking (p=0.001), preoperative stay of> 3days (p=0.000), ASA score (p=0.001), contaminated and
dirty wound (p=0.000), duration of surgery (p=0.010) and duration of drain placement (p=0.000).
Conclusion: Our study prompts us to look at the gaps in our surgical and infection control protocols
which will enable policy formulation that will foster a reduction in wound infection rate. SSI can be
reduced by decreasing the preoperative hospital stay, appropriate antibiotic administration policies,
adequate preoperative patient preparation, reducing the duration of surgery to minimum, judicious use
of drains and intraoperative maintenance of asepsis and following operation theatre discipline
properly.

ANALYSISIS OF SURGICAL SITE INFECTION IN ABDOMINAL SURGERIESIN THE DEPARTMENT OF GENERAL SURGERY IN A TERTIARY CARE CENTREAN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY

Dr. Bhanumati Giridharan, Dr.Pankaj Surana, Dr.Byomokesh Patro, Dr. P. Dhanasekaran,Dr. P. N. Shanmugasundaram

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 1011-1018

Background: Surgical site infection is increasingly recognized as a measure of the quality of patient
care by surgeons, the incidence of SSI in our environment is still high when compared to the
developed world.
Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate the incidence, risk factors and the types of Surgical
Site Infection (SSI) in postoperative abdominal surgeries.
Methods: Immediate postoperative period of the patients was followed up. Wound was examined on
day 2, then everyday till the day of discharge. Signs of SSI were looked for. If the patient developed
SSI in this period, then type of SSI was classified and swab culture was performed to identify the
microorganism and antibiotic sensitivity pattern. CDC (Centre for disease Prevention and Control)
criterion was used for diagnosis and classification of SSI. Patient was treated and discharged. All the
details were recorded in the proforma. The patients were followed up every week till 30 days.
Results: The SSI rate in our study was 14% and risk factors associated with SSI in our study are
smoking (p=0.001), preoperative stay of> 3days (p=0.000), ASA score (p=0.001), contaminated and
dirty wound (p=0.000), duration of surgery (p=0.010) and duration of drain placement (p=0.000).
Conclusion: Our study prompts us to look at the gaps in our surgical and infection control protocols
which will enable policy formulation that will foster a reduction in wound infection rate. SSI can be
reduced by decreasing the preoperative hospital stay, appropriate antibiotic administration policies,
adequate preoperative patient preparation, reducing the duration of surgery to minimum, judicious use
of drains and intraoperative maintenance of asepsis and following operation theatre discipline
properly.

EVALUATION OF SURGICAL SITE INFECTION IN ABDOMINAL SURGERIESIN THE DEPARTMENT OF GENERAL SURGERY IN A TERTIARY CARE CENTRE- AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY.

Dr. Bhanumati Giridharan, Dr.Pankaj Surana, Dr.Byomokesh Patro, Dr. P. Dhanasekaran,Dr. P. N. Shanmugasundaram

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 1858-1865

Background: Surgical site infection is increasingly recognized as a measure of the quality of patient
care by surgeons, the incidence of SSI in our environment is still high when compared to the
developed world.
Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate the incidence, risk factors and the types of Surgical
Site Infection (SSI) in postoperative abdominal surgeries.
Methods: Immediate postoperative period of the patients was followed up. Wound was examined on
day 2, then everyday till the day of discharge. Signs of SSI were looked for. If the patient developed
SSI in this period, then type of SSI was classified and swab culture was performed to identify the
microorganism and antibiotic sensitivity pattern. CDC (Centre for disease Prevention and Control)
criterion was used for diagnosis and classification of SSI. Patient was treated and discharged. All the
details were recorded in the proforma. The patients were followed up every week till 30 days.
Results: The SSI rate in our study was 14% and risk factors associated with SSI in our study are
smoking (p=0.001), preoperative stay of> 3days (p=0.000), ASA score (p=0.001), contaminated and
dirty wound (p=0.000), duration of surgery (p=0.010) and duration of drain placement (p=0.000).
Conclusion: Our study prompts us to look at the gaps in our surgical and infection control protocols
which will enable policy formulation that will foster a reduction in wound infection rate. SSI can be
reduced by decreasing the preoperative hospital stay, appropriate antibiotic administration policies,
adequate preoperative patient preparation, reducing the duration of surgery to minimum, judicious use
of drains and intraoperative maintenance of asepsis and following operation theatre discipline
properly.

PREOPERATIVE PULMONARY EVALUATION FOR POSTOPERATIVE PULMONARY COMPLICATIONS IN PATIENTS UNDERGOING ELECTIVE ABDOMINAL SURGERIES

Dr Vivek G, Dr Parinita S, Dr K N Mohan Rao

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 2159-2175

Postoperative pulmonary complications are common and infer greater risk of morbidity and mortality to surgical patients. Careful preoperative evaluation can identify undiagnosed and undertreated illness and allow for preoperative intervention. Hence the present study was conducted to determine the postoperative pulmonary complications occurring in the study population and to assess the correlation between the preoperative pulmonary evaluation findings and the postoperative pulmonary complications occurring in the study population.