Keywords : surgical mesh
A comparative study of on-lay mesh repair and retro-rectus mesh placement in incisional hernia repair
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 480-487
Background: Incisional hernia continues to be one of the common post-operative complication of
abdominal surgery. Newer techniques have been added for hernia repair including prosthetic mesh repair
and the laparoscopic repair, which have been reported to produce better results. This study aimed to
compare on-lay mesh repair and retro-rectus mesh placement.
Material and Methodology: The current study was a prospective study conducted in the Department of
General Surgery, J.L.N. Medical College & Attached Group of Hospital, Ajmerwith an aim to evaluate
and compare the efficacy of on-lay mesh repair and retro-rectus mesh placement for repair of incisional
hernia in terms of VAS score for pain post-operatively, to compare the duration of the surgery, hospital
stay between the two repair techniques and to compare the early and late complications between the two
repair techniques on a total 50 patients (25 patients of onlay and 25 patients for retrorectus repair).
Results: There is significant lower complication i.e. blood loss, pain, seroma formation, surgical duct
infection, sinus formation and recurrence in sublay mesh repair and blood loss is also significantly lower,
while operative time and blood loss during surgery is higher in comparison to onlay mesh placement.
Conclusion: In our study there are significant lower complication in sublay repair than onlay repair.
Thus, proved the sublay repair a better approach for the ventral hernia repair than the onlay repair.