Keywords : Anisometric amblyopia
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 684-692
Introduction: The medical word for sluggish eye is amblyopia. Treatment for
amblyopia, the medical word for lazy eye, have been documented since before 900 A.D.
"Amblyopia is a condition in which a person's best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) is
reduced unilaterally or (rarely) bilaterally due to a lack of form vision and/or aberrant
binocular interaction with no visible pathology of the eye or visual pathway."
Method: An evaluation of the current study was conducted on78 amblyopic patients
who visited the Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences and Hospital in Bhubaneswar's
ophthalmology outpatient department. All patients were included for the current study
who were diagnosed to have amblyopia and informed consent, going in age from 10 to
50 years and of both genders.
Result: During my two-year study period, 8600 new cases visited the Kalinga Institute
of Medical Sciences and Hospital's Eye OPD. There was a sum of 78 amblyopia cases
diagnosed. Due to such issues, the prevalence rate is 0.9 percent. Six of the 45
anisometropic individuals had a normal field, while the other 39 suffered from
widespread depression. Three of the thirty participants had a normal field, 21 had
global depression, 6 had a misplaced blind spot, and 15 had a central scotoma; some
had several abnormalities.
Conclusion: The prevalence rate of amblyopia was 1.1 percent in population-based
regional studies in India connected to childhood blindness and the common occurrence
of refractory mistakes (V Kalikiyavi et al)14, whereas it was 4.4 percent in a study on
urban population by GV Murthy et al15. According to a Chinese study by Andrey Chia
et al16 and Jing Fu et al17, the prevalence ranged from 0.8 percent to 2.5 percent in
different subsets of individuals in the south Asian region