Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : suicidal


A study of profile of medicolegal autopsy cases due to poisoning

R. Karthick

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 4987-4992

Background: Acute poisoning by pesticides is becoming a serious global problem.
Knowledge of general pattern of poisoning in a particular region can hopefully lead to early
diagnosis and control of poisoning crises, thereby bringing down the morbidity and mortality
to minimum. Present study was an attempt to find out some epidemiological factors, pattern
and other significant features of poisoning among poisoning cases at a tertiary care hospital.
Material and Methods: The present study was a retrospective study conducted in cases of
medicolegal autopsy with history of poisoning and in cases that were diagnosed as poisoning
after post mortem examination.
Results: Of the total 3275 cases of postmortem, poisoning constituted 433 cases amounting
to 13.22% during this study period. Majority of cases were from 21-40 yrs (52.66%) followed
by 41-60 yrs (27.71%). Majority of cases were males (66.74%) as compared to females
(33.26%). Majority were illiterate (62.59%) as compared to literate (36.26%). In present
study, majority were married (64.9%), from nuclear family (95.38%), from low
socioeconomic class (81.29%). Majority cases survived for less than 1 day period (54.73%) &
had manner of death as suicidal (94.46%). In present study, most common poison used were
organo-phosphorous compounds (64.43%), aluminum phosphide (5.77%), zinc phosphide
(5.77%), corrosive acid poison (5.08%) & carbonates (4.62%).
Conclusion: An overall look at the autopsies of the cases of poisoning led to the conclusion
that the people were more prone to consume poison in the second to fourth decade of their
life & suicide was the dominant manner of death in most of the cases.

Comprehensive analysis of postmortem cases due to poisoning: A retrospective study

R. Karthick

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 4993-4998

Background: Poisoning is a major epidemic of non-communicable disease in the present
century. Poisoning is common in the world including India but modes of poisoning varies as
it may result from the attempt of suicide, homicide and accidents. Present retrospective study
was aimed to analyse deaths due to poisoning at a tertiary care hospital.
Material andMethods: Present study was retrospective study, conducted with medical &
case-records of victims of poisoning whose body was autopsied in the mortuary of tertiary
care hospital.
Results: In this study, of the total of 3275 cases of postmortem, poisoning constituted 433
cases amounting to 13.22%. Most of cases were from the age group of 21-30 yrs (27.48%)
followed by 31-40 yrs (25.17%) & 41-50 yrs (16.4%). Most of cases were males (66.74%) as
compared to females (33.26%). Most of cases survived for less than 1 day period (54.73%) &
had manner of death as suicidal (94.46%). In present study, most common poison used were
organo-phosphorous compounds (64.43%), aluminium phosphide (5.77%), zinc phosphide
(5.77%), corrosive acid poison (5.08%) & carbonates (4.62%). In present study, negative
chemical analysis report (50.35%) were more common than positive chemical analysis report
(49.65%). In present study, common reason for intake of poison were physical illness
(41.11%), marital dispute (20.32%), economic crisis (13.16%), love failure (6.47%) &
accidental (5.54%). Other less common causes were conflict with parents (3.46%), family
dispute (3.46%), mental illness (3%) & academic failure (2.77%).
Conclusion: We noted that male sex, age group from second to fourth decade of their life,
married,low socioeconomic status are at high risk for poisoning.