Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Metabolic AcidosisHigh Risk Infants

Detection of Inborn Errors of Metabolism among High Risk Infants Admitted to Pediatric Intensive Care Unit

Mohamed MamdouhGaafar, Ali Ahmed Mohammed,Wesam A. Mokhtar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 2820-2830

Inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) are a group of disorders that may be inherited or may occur
as the result of spontaneous mutation. IEM are relatively common disorders in the Middle East
and Arabic populations. This study aimed to detect of IEM among high risk infants admitted to
pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Patients and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study was
carried out at NICU in Pediatric Department at Zagazig University Children Hospital during the
period study 2021. This study involved 60 neonates and children who were subjected to full
medical history, thorough clinical examination, and laboratory investigations:serum levels of
electrolytes, plasma ammonia, and lactate, urine organic acid analysis, extended metabolic
screening, blood gas, and serum anion gap and blood glucose level. Results:The mean age and
weight distribution among confirmed IEM cases were 1.7±0.45 and 6.65±3.45. All confirmed
IEM cases delivered by CS, had a positive consangioys parents had negative family history of
neither previous abortion nor previous genetic or metabolic diseases. Furthermore, 33.3% of
studied confirmed cases had positive family history of previous abortion. The main complain were
vomiting, encephalopathy and pallor. All cases showed positive CRP while procalcitonin was
positive in 66.7% of cases. About 66.7% of confirmed IEM cases had metabolic acidosis. The
hyperammonemia was detected in 66.7% of the confirmed IEM cases. The frequency of
Hypoglycemia was detected in 33.3% of the confirmed IEM cases. About 66.7% of confirmed
IEM cases had positive blood culture.Conclusion: Extended metabolic screen is helpful in
diagnosis of a significant group of treatable IEM. So, early detection and early intervention to the
neonates at risk of IEMs before the onset of symptoms can prevent or reduce serious neurological
and developmental squeal.