Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : benign tumour

To Study the Clinicopathological Features of Various Benign and Malignant Ovarian Tumours

R.Lalitha Bai, Chandana Loke, Banoth Damayanthi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 835-843

An attempt was made to study the Clinicopathological features of 100 ovarian tumours
met with during the period of 2011 to 2013 in the department of obstetrics and
Gynaecology of government general hospital, Kakinada. In 2 years period out of 100
tumours, 79 were benign, 16 were malignant, 5 were borderline malignant. An
incidence of 79% benign, 16% malignant and 5% borderline malignant. The incidence
of ovarian tumours was increased for the past few years. The cause for the increased
incidence was could not be made out. The crystallization of the simple clinical
classification of ovarian tumours in comparison with others were discussed. The
detailed structure of ovary was discussed. The detailed study in relation to age, parity,
socioeconomic status, educational standard, blood group, diet, menstrual function, signs
and symptoms, histological patterns and the treatment adopted with follow up of cases
in some were discussed at length with reference to benign and malignant tumours of the
ovary. Highest incidence of benign tumours was seen in the active reproductive age
group, whereas for malignant tumours the maximum incidence was seen between 41
and 60 years. Majority of malignant tumours noticed in multiparous women with low
socioeconomic status. However, the risk of malignancy was noticed more in nulliparous
compared to benign tumours. Largest group of women were illiterate. Early menarche
and late menopause were associated with increased risk of ovarian cancer. No definite
correlation was detected in particular blood group. The gross Histopathological study of
all tumours were studied and their correlation with functional aspect of the tumour
were stressed whenever possible. The incidence of all various histopathological pattern
of both benign and malignant were thoroughly studied. In 4 patients ovarian tumours
developed from retained ovaries after hysterectomy operation. 3 patients underwent
abdominal hysterectomy previously for dysfunctional uterine blooding, among this 1
patient developed malignant ovarian tumours and 2 patient s developed benign tumour.
One patient underwent vaginal hysterectomy for prolapse uterus, benign tumour
developed from retained ovary

The treatment of benign lesions of the proximal femur with nonvascularised autologous fibular strut grafts

Dr. Shailesh Kumar, Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Rakesh, Dr. Gangdayal Sharma, Dr. Kumar Nitesh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 5848-5854

Introduction: The relative use of the non-vascularised fibula grafts was recommended
as the gold standard for the biological reconstructions has been in practice for more
than 60 years. The aim and objective of this retrospective study was primarily focussed
to analyse the results with regard to variables such as consolidation, hypertrophy at the
graft-host junctions and presence of certain complications as well as to assess the
functional and oncological outcomes.
Materials and Methodology: Fifteen patients reported with primary benign tumours
involving the proximal femur includes the femoral neck were treated surgically at the
department of orthopaedics, IGIMS Patna between October 2019 and March 2021.
There were ten males and five females. Their average age at the time of presentation
was 34 years (21–68) and the average follow-up time was considered up to 12 months.
Results: Intraoperative blood transfusion was required in eight patients (53%;
autologous blood transfusion in five, blood component transfusion in three).There was
no significant difference in the duration of restriction of full weight-bearing between the
patients who were treated with CPC and CHA (p = 0.52, Mann-Whitney U test). All
patients had equally regained full physical function without the development of pain in
the final follow-up period.
Conclusion: To conclude, it has been suggested that the management of the bone lesions
involving the proximal femur with the use of compression hip screw and synthetic bone
graft is considered as relatively safe and effective method.