Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Abdominal hysterectomy

To Study the Clinicopathological Features of Various Benign and Malignant Ovarian Tumours

R.Lalitha Bai, Chandana Loke, Banoth Damayanthi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 835-843

An attempt was made to study the Clinicopathological features of 100 ovarian tumours
met with during the period of 2011 to 2013 in the department of obstetrics and
Gynaecology of government general hospital, Kakinada. In 2 years period out of 100
tumours, 79 were benign, 16 were malignant, 5 were borderline malignant. An
incidence of 79% benign, 16% malignant and 5% borderline malignant. The incidence
of ovarian tumours was increased for the past few years. The cause for the increased
incidence was could not be made out. The crystallization of the simple clinical
classification of ovarian tumours in comparison with others were discussed. The
detailed structure of ovary was discussed. The detailed study in relation to age, parity,
socioeconomic status, educational standard, blood group, diet, menstrual function, signs
and symptoms, histological patterns and the treatment adopted with follow up of cases
in some were discussed at length with reference to benign and malignant tumours of the
ovary. Highest incidence of benign tumours was seen in the active reproductive age
group, whereas for malignant tumours the maximum incidence was seen between 41
and 60 years. Majority of malignant tumours noticed in multiparous women with low
socioeconomic status. However, the risk of malignancy was noticed more in nulliparous
compared to benign tumours. Largest group of women were illiterate. Early menarche
and late menopause were associated with increased risk of ovarian cancer. No definite
correlation was detected in particular blood group. The gross Histopathological study of
all tumours were studied and their correlation with functional aspect of the tumour
were stressed whenever possible. The incidence of all various histopathological pattern
of both benign and malignant were thoroughly studied. In 4 patients ovarian tumours
developed from retained ovaries after hysterectomy operation. 3 patients underwent
abdominal hysterectomy previously for dysfunctional uterine blooding, among this 1
patient developed malignant ovarian tumours and 2 patient s developed benign tumour.
One patient underwent vaginal hysterectomy for prolapse uterus, benign tumour
developed from retained ovary