Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Carotid intima media thickness (CIMT)


A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY OF COMMON CAROTID INTIMA MEDIAL THICKNESS AS A INDICATOR OF MACRO-VASCULAR COMPLICATIONS IN TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS

DR DUSHYANT SHANTILAL PATEL, DR NIRAV RASIKLAL PATEL, DR JAGDISHKUMAR VIRABHAI PATEL, DR AVANI BIPINCHANDRA CHAVDA .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 1525-1529

Introduction: Carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) is used as a indicator of atherosclerosis, whichcauses Macro-vascular diseases. with risk factors like age, HTN, Raised BMI, duration of uncontrolled DM, may actually have a correlation with CIMT either directly or indirectly influencing the disease processand causes atherosclerosis(1).
Materials and Methods: cross sectional study of 100 patients with type 2 DM admitted in civil hospital over a period of 1 year, age group between 35 to 75 years selected through simple random sampling. Macro vascular complications like CAD/CVD/PVD are dignosed with the help  of echocardiography, CT scan and with the help  of history and clinical examination. CIMT is measured with B mode ultrasound.
Result : 73 percent patients have macrovascular complications who have raised value of CIMT and 68 percent  patients with macrovascular diseases have raised value of CIMT.
Conclusion: increased value of CIMT in diabetic patients has more chances of macrovascular complication hence early detection of atheroscelerosis and early life style modification can prevent macro vascular complication(2).