Keywords : macular hole
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 1586-1590
Background:Retinal diseases are the major causes of visual impairment in developed
countries. The present study was conducted to assess vitreo- retinal diseases among
opthalmic out patients.
Materials & Methods:84 patients of vitreous retinal diseases of both genders were
Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) at presentation was measured using a Snellen chart.
Intraocular pressure was measured by Goldmannapplanation tonometry or an iCare
tonometer, and the anterior and posterior segments were examined under slit-lamp
biomicroscopy and 90D bio-microscopy. The funduscopic findings were confirmed by
binocular indirect ophthalmoscope.
Results: Out of 84, males were 54 and females were 30. Presenting symptoms were floater
in 23, poor vision in 15, headache in 11, watering eye in 27, discomfort eye in 32,
white eye in 10, traumain 5 and night blindness in 12. The mode of injury was road traffic
accident in 26, fall from height in 13, assault/fight in 10, electric wire in 14 and others in
21. Common vitreo- retinal diseases were retinal detachment in 20, hypertensive
retinopathy in 16, diabetes retinopathyin 12, retinal vein occlusion in 10, macular hole in
16, optic nerve involvementin 6 and vitreous haemorrhage in 4 cases.
Conclusion: Common vitreo- retinal diseases were retinal detachment, hypertensive
retinopathy, diabetes retinopathy, retinal vein occlusion, macular hole, optic nerve
involvement and vitreous haemorrhage