Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : VAS score

Transversus Abdominis Plane (TAP) Block in Abdominal Surgery An Observational Study to Assess the Need for Diclofenac as a Post-Operative Analgesic Drug

Dr. Sachin kumbhare, Dr. Rahul Meda, Dr. Devendra chouhan, Dr Yogesh Tilkar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 1115-1121

Background- The Transversus Abdominis Plane (TAP) Block is a method used for regional anaesthesia. It offers analgesia during lower abdominal surgery, especially when parietal wall pain is a significant source of discomfort. Through the local anaesthetic deposition between the Transversus Abdominis muscle and internal oblique muscle, it permits sensory blockage of the lower abdominal wall's skin and muscles. In a hospital-based, prospective observational study we assessed the effectiveness of unilateral TAP Block with bupivacaine for postoperative analgesia in hernia repair.
Material & Methods - The following procedure was used on 100 patients having elective unilateral inguinal hernioplasty surgery: TAP Block with bupivacaine (n = 50 in the study group) and without TAP Block (n = 50 in the control group). At the conclusion of the spinal anesthesia-induced surgery, the study group underwent a unilateral TAP Block on the surgical side using 20 ml of 0.25% bupivacaine. In the post-anesthesia care unit, each patient was evaluated 30 minutes, 2, 4, 6, 12, 18, and 24 hours after surgery. The amount of time needed to administer the first dosage of rescue analgesia, the vas score, and the total amount of diclofenac used were evaluated in each group, and comparisons were made using a student t-test.
Result: The difference between the mean analgesia duration in the study group and control group—669.66± 346 min 220.33 ± 139.24 minutes, respectively—was shown to be statistically significant. The VAS score in the control group was consistently higher than in the study group. Diclofenac was consumed in a total dose of 95 mg in the study group and 202.5 mg in the control group, indicating a substantial decrease in diclofenac consumption in the study group.
Conclusions- When utilised in patients undergoing inguinal hernioplasty, TAP Block with 0.25% bupivacaine offered powerful and longer duration of analgesia, with little any need for diclofenac. There were no side effects linked to TAP Block or the medications being tested

To Compare Postoperative Analgesia According to VASwith Dexmedetomidine and Clonidine and Assessment of Ramsay Sedation Score After Complication of Surgery with Each Drug

Narendra Kumar; Mangilal Deganwa; Kalpana Verma; Sandhya Sandhya; Kaushal Singh Baghel

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 1405-1411

Introduction: Both clonidine and dexmedetomidine are alpha-2 adrenergic agonists that have analgesic as well as sedative properties and are being tried as newer adjuvants for analgesia. In addition to this, both have been shown to reduce the requirements of local anesthetics and enhance the analgesic effects without increasing the incidence of side effects.Thus, the present study was undertaken to compare postoperative analgesia according to VAS with dexmedetomidine and clonidine and assessment of Ramsay sedation score after complication of surgery with each drug.

Pre and Post Incisional Local Infiltration of the Levobupivacaine in Conventional Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

Naresh Kumar, Shiv Kumar Bunkar, Dinesh Kumar Sharma, Hari Om Dhaker

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 2285-2293

Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has become the gold standard for treatment of benign Gall Bladder disease. Pain after laparoscopic surgery though primarily visceral, often affecting the sub diaphragmatic region and often referred to the right shoulder region, also has a parietal component which occurs at the trocar site. The present study was planned to evaluate the effect of combined port site levobupivacaine administration before and after surgery for patients who underwent Laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Material & Methods: This was a hospital based prospective randomized double blind comparative study done on 100 patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgery at Jawahar Lal Nehru Hospital, Ajmer, after approval from ethical committee. The study population were randomly divided into two groups A (Preincisional) and B (Post incisional) with 50 patients in each group using computer generated tables of random numbers. The primary outcome variable was to compare pain (visual analogue scale [VAS]) score. The intensity of post-operative pain was recorded for all the patients using VAS score at 3, 6, 12, 24 h after surgery (mean of all VAS scores).
Results: Our study showed that mean age of patients in group A was 43.20 years and 41.16 years in group B, which was statistical non-significant (P=0.435). There was significant difference in the mean VAS scores between the two groups up to 12th hour postoperatively. There was statistically lower VAS score in group A as compared to group B postoperatively up to 12 hour at 24th postoperative hour there was no significant difference in VAS score in both groups. The mean duration of analgesia was 164.94 ± 27.37 min in group A with a range of 95 to 210 min., while in group B, the mean duration of analgesia was 121.42 ± 14.81 min. with a range of 85 to 145 min, which was statistically longer in Group A as compared to Group B, (p value < 0.0001). Mean number of doses required in group A was 1.70 ± 0.46 and in group B was 2.38 ± 0.49, which was statistically higher in group B (p value <0.0001). In group A total amount of tramadol required in 24 hours was 170.00 ± 46.29 mg in comparison to group B where it was 238.00 ± 49.03 mg (p value <0.0001).
Conclusion: We concluded thatlevobupivacaine can be safely used as local anesthetic infiltration for postoperative pain relief following laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgery.