Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : diabetic foot ulcer

Assessment of Outcome of Management of Diabetic Foot Ulcer

Dinulal PP, Mubashir D

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 8, Pages 2620-2624

Background: To assess outcome of management of diabetic foot ulcer.
Materials and Methods: One hundred ten patients of diabetic foot ulcer of both genders were enrolled. Parameters such as Wagner's classification, type of operations performed were recorded. Previous history of diabetes, wound healing, ulcers and boils in other part of the body were recorded. D.
Results: Out of 110 patients, males were 65 (59%) and females were 45 (40%). Wagner classification grade 0 was seen in 6, grade 1 in 8, grade 2 in 14, grade 3 in 26, grade 4 in 30 and grade 5 in 26 patients. Clinical presentation was gangrene seen in 20, cellulitis in 30 and ulcer in 60 patients. Bacteria    isolated were staphylococcus aureus in 72, Beta haemolytic streptococci in 16, gram negative organisms in 20 and anaerobic cocci in 2 cases. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Management performed was incision and drainage in 10, amputation in 52, debridement in 26, transmetatarsal in 8, below knee amputation in 4 and above knee amputation in 10 patients. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Complete healing was observed in 68, outcome was unknown in 26 and patient death occurred in 2 cases. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: The management of diabetic foot ulcers remains a major therapeutic challenge which implies an urgent need to review strategies and treatments in order to achieve the goals and reduce the burden of care in an efficient and cost-effective way. Grade 5, presence of ulcers and bacteria such as staphylococcus aureus and gram- negative organisms were major risk factors for the surgical management of diabetic foot ulcer.

The associated risk factors and the prevalence of diabetic foot ulcer - A cross sectional study

Dr.UroojNajami, Dr. Faisal Mumtaz, Dr.PrabodhBansal, Dr Gopal

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 2824-2830

Background: Diabetes Mellitus is a worldwide epidemic, affecting over 346 million people globally, with India ranking second with 65.1 million diabetic patients. Foot ulceration is the most common consequence of diabetes mellitus.It affects about 15% of diabetic individuals over the course of their lives and is quite frequent.To a considerable extent, it is preventable if the risk factors are identified early. The aim of present study is to evaluate the association of risk factorswith diabetic foot ulcer and to estimate prevalence of diabetic foot ulcer (DFU).
Material and Methods: A systematic random sample of 500 diabetic patients was selected from patients attending the outpatient department of General Surgery, National Capital Region Institute of Medical Sciences, Meerut. A standardized form was used to record data obtained from reviewing the medical records, interviewing, and examining the patients.
Results:The sample had a male-to-female ratio of 48 percent. The average age of the participants was 55 years, and they had diabetes for an average of 8.9 years. The prevalence of diabetic foot ulcers was 4.8%, sensory neuropathy was 15.3%, lower limb ischemia was 8.2%,and amputation was 2%. Ulceration was linked to male gender, neuropathy, and having diabetes for a longer period of time.
Conclusion:Future efforts should focus on educating both healthcare professionals and patients about proper foot care. To ascertain the true prevalence of diabetic foot problems, community-based research is also required.