Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Road traffic accidents (RTA)

Demographic evaluation and pattern of head injuries among road traffic accident patients- a hospital based study

Dr. Narendra Kumar Dadsena, Dr. Shrikant Sharma, Dr. Shehtaj Khan,Dr. Krishnanand .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 3114-3121

Introduction: In India, the developing economy and growing population simultaneously made a strong impact on increase in motor vehicle population. In road traffic accidents, the most prominent and vulnerable part of human body is head and head injury is the most important cause of mortality. The aim of this study was to study the demographic details and pattern of head injury in patients of road traffic accident.
Material and Methods: The present study was conducted among 61 patients of road traffic accidents. Data of the patients were recorded as per the working proforma to record the detailed description of injury, treatment given and discharge /death was recorded. Statistical tests like t-test and chi square test were used. If p value was less than 0.05, then it was taken as statistically significant.
Results: In this study maximum cases were from age group 23-32 years (32.7%) and minimum cases were from age group 73-82 years (1.6%). Males were in predominance in this study i.e. 80.3% and females were 19.6%. Out of 61 cases, 26.2% cases had Frontal bone involved, 19.6% had Occipital bone involved, 18% had Parietal bone involved, 4.9% had Temporal bone involved, 31.1% had multiple bone involved. In maximum cases multiple bones were involved.
Conclusion: Since a large number of people, predominantly men in the younger age groups, are injured, killed and disabled in brain injuries, it is appropriate to focus on several preventive strategies.It should also be ensured that all cars are fitted with seatbelts and necessary awareness among vehicle manufacturers and public should be promoted.