Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Multidetector computed tomography

Role of multidetector CT in evaluation of paranasal sinus pathologies

Dr. Ayushman Virmani, Dr. Bindu Agrawal, Dr. Rajesh Arora, Dr. Kiran Nagpal, Dr. Abhijeet, Dr. Geetesh Garg

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 1547-1557

Background: Paranasal sinuses fill in as a host to a wide range of illnesses and conditions from provocative to neoplasms, both benign and malignant. The use of СT with рrорer knоwledge аnd соgnizаnсe оf sinus аnаtоmy аnd rаdiоlоgiсаl lаndmаrks, аlоng with сliniсаl cоrrelаtiоn аids in diаgnоsing раrаnаsаl sinus раthоlоgies ассurаtely.
Aim and Objectives:
1) Evаluаtiоn оf раrаnаsаl sinus раthоlоgies аnd their аnаtоmiсаl extensiоn аnd bоny invоlvement using multideteсtоr соmрuted tоmоgrарhy.
2) Соrrelаtiоn оf the findings оf multideteсtоr соmрuted tоmоgrарhy with сliniсаl diаgnоsis.
Material and Methods: The hоsрitаl bаsed рrоsрeсtive оbservаtiоnаl study was conducted in the Department of Radiodiagnosis & Imaging, Muzaffarnagar Medical College, U.P, for eighteen months with twelve months for data collection and 6 months for data analysis. Total 40 patients of varied age groups presenting with symptoms and signs of paranasal sinus diseases underwent CT using Siemens Sоmаtоm Sсорe 16 sliсe СT mасhine as per standard protocol. Images were acquired in the axial and coronal plane with reformation in sagittal plane.
Results: Maximum numbers of patients were in age group of 21 to 30 (35%) with male to female ratio of 1.2:1. Most соmmоn sinus invоlved wаs right mаxillаry sinus (70%). Most common chief complaint was nasal obstruction (97.5%) and nasal discharge (90%) with maximum number cases of sinusitis (22%).
Conclusion: To conclude, Multidetector Computed Tomography of the paranasal sinuses has improved the visualization of paranasal sinus anatomy along with its variants and has allowed efficient diagnosis of paranasal sinus lesions. Precise description of the disease and related microanatomy detected by CT scan provides a reliable pre-operative road map.

Role of 128 slice-multi detector computed tomography in the imaging and staging of carcinoma oesophagus

Dr. Lohith K, Dr. Rinu Pious, Dr. Supriya AS, Dr. Rashwin Pinto, Dr. Pradeep Kumar CN

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 2473-2484

Carcinoma oesophagus infiltrates locally involving adjacent lymph nodes and metastases widely by hematogenous spread. Esophageal cancers typically spread both by direct invasion and also via network of lymphatics. Hematogenous spread is more common in patients with advanced stages of diseases. Lungs and the liver have been regarded as the usual sites of hematogenous metastases. Out of all these patients, 78 patients were selected on the basis of histopathological examination (HPE) report showing the confirmed presence of carcinoma of the esophagus. After taking a properly informed written consent and complete history, a thorough clinical examination was done and these patients were subjected to CT scan. Clinical and radiological data from the study was recorded as per the proforma. Lymph nodal staging was done as per TNM staging in which N2 stage was seen maximum in 33 patients (42.3%) followed by N0 stage in 22 (28.2%) patients. 13 patients out of 78 were staged under N1 category (16.7%) and only 10 patients out of 78 (12.8%) showed N3 stage of lymph nodal spread. In our study out of 78 patients, 14 patients showed evidence of distant metastases (17.9%)-M1 stage. Rest 64 patients (81.1%)-M0 stage.