Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Knee

Assessment of knee joint pathologies using magnetic resonance imaging

Dr Eram Fatima, Dr Tarim Usmani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 5823-5827

Background: MR examination, a non-invasive modality, is now routinely used to assess
a wide spectrum of internal knee derangements and articular disorders. The present
study was conducted to assessed the efficacy of MRI in evaluation of knee joint
Materials & Methods: 70 patients with painful knee joint of both gendersunderwent
MRI of knee joint with 1.5 Tesla high gradient MRI scanner. T1 and T2 weighted
sequences in sagittal planes, PD weighted sequences in axial, coronal and sagittal planes
and fat suppressed T2 or STIR sequences were recorded.
Results: Out of 70 patients, males were 45 and females were 25. Common knee
pathologies were anterior cruciate ligament tear in 12, posterior cruciate ligament tear
in 8, chondromalacia patellae in 5, rheumatoid arthritis in 7, medial collateral ligament
tears in 10, lateral collateral ligament tears in 8, medial meniscal tears in 5, lateral
meniscal tears in 5, osteochondritis dissecans in 6 and infection in 4 patients. The
difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: MRI is an accurate and cost- effective radiographic aid useful in diagnosis
of painful knee. Common knee pathologies were anterior cruciate ligament tear,
posterior cruciate ligament tear, chondromalacia patellae, rheumatoid arthritis, medial
collateral ligament tears, lateral collateral ligament tears, medial meniscal tears, lateral
meniscal tears, osteochondritis dissecans and infection.