Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Dentistry, orthodontics, Arch form


EVALUATION OF SHAPE VARIATION OF MAXILLARY AND MANDIBULAR DENTAL ARCHES OF AN ORTHODONTIC POPULATION: AN ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Dr.Arun Patyal,Dr.Bhupendra Singh Rathore,Dr. Rahul VC Tiwari, Dr. Praveen KumarVarma,Dr.Heena Dixit Tiwari,Dr Ansha Shrimal, Dr.Akriti Mahajan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 5828-5832

Aim
The purpose of the present research was to evaluate the variations in the shape of maxillary
and mandibular dental arches in a population undergoing orthodontic treatment.
Methodology
Dental casts of 133 white subjects (61 males, 72 females; ages 10.6–26.6) were scanned and
digitized in three dimensions. Landmarks were placed on the incisal margins and on the cusps
of canines, premolars, and molars. Geometric morphometric methods were applied
(Procrustessuperimposition and principal component analysis). Sexual dimorphism and
allometry were evaluated with permutation tests and age–size and age–shape correlations
were computed. Two block partial least squares analysis was used to assess covariation of
shape.
Results
The first four principal components represented shape patterns that are often encountered and
recognized in clinical practice, accounting for 6–31 per cent of total variance. No shape
sexualdimorphism was found, nevertheless, there was statistically significant size difference
betweenmales and females. Allometry was statistically significant, but low (upper: R2 =
0.0528, P < 0.000, lower: R2 = 0.0587, P < 0.000). Age and shape were weakly correlated
(upper: R2 = 0.0370, P = 0.0001, lower: R2 = 0.0587, P = 0.0046). Upper and lower arches
covaried significantly (RV coefficient: 33 per cent).