Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Lower limbs

Clinical Study and Management of Varicose Veins of Lower Limbs

Sakru Mudavath, Ramprakash Chitimalla, Vijaya Kumar Ankathi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 6023-6030

Background:To study the distribution, pathology, clinical features, various mod es of
investigations and overall management of varicose veins of lower limbs.
Materials and Methods: The study was carried out Govt Medical College/General
Hospital, Suryapet from October 2021– March 2022 to evaluate the ―Clinical
presentation and management of varicose vein in lower limbs. 50 cases of varicose veins
of lower limbs were presented and analysed in our study. Fifty cases of varicose veins of
the lower limb have been studied in detail.
Results: Varicosity of the lower limb is a common clinical entity. The number of cases
reporting to the hospital is much less than the real incidence; because in the absence of
symptoms due to varicose veins patients do not seek treatment in our country. The
commonest age group of patients suffering from varicose veins is 41 to 50 years. Most of
the patient presented to the hospital for one or the other complications and not for
cosmetic reasons. The majority of the patients were male. A definite relationship exists
between the occupation and the incidence of varicose veins as most of our patients are
workers standing for longer duration. The involvement of long saphenous system is
more common than the short saphenous system. Left limb is affected more common.
The cause for the same is not known but could be attributed to the longer course
traversed by the left iliac veins. Clinical examination has a high predictive accuracy. It
gives sufficient information to treat the patients in centres where colour Doppler is not
available or affordable. The use of colour Doppler is a valuable supplement to clinical
examination for effective treatment of varicose veins and its use is strongly
recommended to prevent recurrences and reduce morbidity as it is effective tool in
detecting venous incompetence and to rule out deep vein thrombosis. SPJ junction and
perforators are highly variable and should always be marked pre- operatively using
USG Doppler. Operative line of treatment is a primary procedure in the management of
varicose veins of lower limbs.Venous ulcer heals well after surgery. Surgery is a quality
modality for varicose veins patients with ulcer with low recurrence rate. Complications
are negligible if cases are meticulously selected and operated. The present procedures
enable the patient to lead almost normal life after surgery with few recoverable
Conclusion: There is need for general health education and awareness about varicose
veins in the society in order to achieve timely treatment with good outcome and to
reduce the morbidity.