Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Vesico Ureteric Reflux

Study of Association of Vesico Ureteric Reflux in Patients with Anorectal Malformations

Madhulika P.S, Hareesha J, Ashok Vardhan Kumar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 6061-6071

Background:To evaluate association of Vesico Ureteric Reflux in patients with anorectal
Materials and Methods: Retrospective and Prospective study. All neonates who were
admitted with Anorectal malformation during the study period. The study period was
for two years from January 2019 to December 2020.
Results: Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is the most common associated urinary tract
anomalies with imperforate anus with an incidence of 25%- 60%. VUR is more common
in males. More common in babies born at Term gestation. The most common type of
ARA (Krickenbeck) that is associated with VUR is Rectovesical fistula. Unilateral VUR
is more common. Grade 2 VUR is more common in unilateral, Grade 3 VUR is more
common in Bilateral cases. Most of the cases were conservatively managed-19
cases,surgical intervention was done in 11 patients. Bilateral Ureteric reimplantation
was done in 3 cases. Unilateral Ureteric reimplantation in 8 cases,Right side -4
cases,Left side -4 cases. Conservative management in 63%. Resolution
(partial+complete) was seen in 21 Renal units.
Conclusion: VUR is common in patients with ARM. Children with an abnormal R-USS
are at increased risk of UTI. Performing routine MCUG does not reduce the risk of UTI
in children with ARM.