Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Urine Culture

A Study of Maternal and Foetal Outcomes in Cases of Asymptomatic Bacteriuria

Dandi Amitha Kumari, Jalli Padmaja, Kranthi Talari

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 9981-9989

Background:To determine the number of women with asymptomatic bacteriuria
(Group A) and the number of women with symptomatic bacteriuria (Group B) (Group
B). To identify the most common pathogenic organism in women with asymptomatic
bacteriuria. To compare the outcomes of pregnancies in groups A and B (maternal and
foetal morbidity).
Materials and Methods: Pregnant women visiting the antenatal clinic of the Department
of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Govt Medical College/General Hospital Suryapet for
the first time in 20 weeks to 36 weeks were the subjects of this prospective study.
Results: The study included 250 pregnant women starting at 20 weeks of gestation.
Urine culture and sensitivity testing were performed to check for asymptomatic
bacteriuria. Asymptomatic bacteriuria was found in 8.8 percent of the study population.
E.Coli was the most common pathogen, accounting for 63.63 percent of all cases.
Asymptomatic bacteriuria was associated with increased maternal morbidity (18.18
percent ). Those who did not have asymptomatic bacteriuria had lower morbidity (9.1
percent ). Fetal morbidity was higher (21.4 percent) in kids whose mothers had
asymptomatic bacteriuria than in those whose mothers did not have silent bacteriuria
(9.3 percent ). Preterm labour was the most prevalent maternal morbidity (18.18
percent), while low birth weight was the most common foetal morbidity (18.18 percent ).
There was no maternal or foetal death.