Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Simple febrile seizure

Simple Febrile Seizure and Iron deficiency Anaemia-Is there any association?.

Dr. Alok Raina, Dr.Preeti Sharma .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 10699-10702

Febrile seizures occurs mostly in children 14–18 months of age, which overlaps with the maximum prevalence age of iron-deficiency anemia, which is between 1 and 2 years of age.It is well established that iron deficiency may cause some behavioral and developmental problems. The relationship between iron deficiency and febrile seizure is not yet well determined, the present study was conducted to see  the  association  between  iron  deficiency  anaemia  and  simple  febrile  seizures.Methods -This  prospective  case  control  study  was  conducted  in  SMGS  Hospital,  GMC Jammu from January 2018 to  December  2020  after  taking  approval  from  institutional  ethical  committee. Cases  included  children  of  age  group  6  months  to  5  years  presenting  with  simple  febrile  seizure  to  the  casualty  or  OPD  of  this  hospital. For  each  case,  a  control  was  selected  with  similar  age  group  and  same  sex  who  came  for  short  duration  fever  (less  than  3  days) but  without  seizures. deficiency  was  defined  as   per  WHO  criteria After  proper  consent  of  parents  of  the  study  children,  blood  samples  of  the  study  children  were  sent  for  the  above  mentioned  investigations  in  hospital’s  central  laboratory. Samples  were  taken  during  afebrile  period.Results- Total  200  subjects  were  included  in  the  study,  100  in  each  group. Iron  deficiency  anaemia  was  seen  in 46  subjects(46%)  in  case  group  and  in  13(13%)  subjects  in  control  group. The  results  were  statistically  significant {p<0.0001, odds  ratio(95% CI)  5.70(2.82 TO 11.51)}. Conclusion-Iron deficiency anaemia can be considered as a risk factor for febrile seizures and  treatment of iron deficiency anaemia may prevent  occurrence  of  febrile  seizures.