Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : respiratory problems

Prevalence of asthma and respiratory symptoms during pregnancy: An observational study

Dr. ILA Agarwal, Dr. Shalini Nagpal, Dr. Abdul Wahab Mirza

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 2105-2108

Background: Asthma attack is the most common respiratory symptom observed and is of great concern. Throughout the world asthma cases are increasing during pregnancy. The major issue is that the control levels of asthma is changing during pregnancy so the management is a little difficult during pregnancy.
Objective: The present study was undertaken to observe the prevalence of asthma and respiratory symptoms during pregnancy.
Materials and methods: 40 pregnant women attending OPD in the hospital were part of the study after obtaining the written informed consent. Confidentiality of the data was maintained. Willing pregnant women were included in the study. Pregnant women with any other complications severe were excluded from the study. Respiratory symptoms were examined during the general physical examination by an expert physician.
Results: The age group of the participants ranges from 22-30 years. 25% of individuals have asthma. 37.5% of individuals have wheeze without cold, 15% of individuals have nasal allergies. 27.5% have shortness of breath. 5% of individuals have a history of smoking. 15% of individuals are currently under the medication for asthma.
Conclusion: The present study results explained that wheezing without cold and shortness of breath are the most common respiratory symptoms during pregnancy. Further detailed studies with a higher sample size are recommended to understand better the respiratory symptoms during pregnancy.