Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : posture

Ergonomics and measures to prevent musculoskeletal disorders in dental practice. A scoping review

Munerah Saud Alsanouni, Wedad Saud, Safa Ali Gadi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 7835-7842

Dental practitioners are exposed to different occupational hazards during the course of their professional activity, such as physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic factors. The ergonomic hazards, caused by strained posture and prolonged repetitive movements, can induce musculoskeletal disorders. It occurs in 54–93% of dental professionals and involve the spine, shoulder and hand-wrist tract. Through a scoping review of international literature, we analyzed specific ergonomic risk factors and preventive measures of musculoskeletal disorders in professional dental activity. The presentation of this scoping review is in accordance with the PRISMA statement. The review included articles published in the last 22 years, from 2000 to 2022 on the major online databases (MEDLINE, SCOPUS, Cochrane Library). The search strategy used a combination of controlled vocabulary and free text terms based on the keywords

The Voiding Pattern In Asymptomatic Indian Men Between The Age Of 20 To 70 Years

Mukesh Jaysawal , Asutosh Kumar, Rajesh K. Tiwari , Ahsan Ahmad

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 1611-1619

Objective: To examine the potential clinical implications of the voiding position in asymptomatic Indian men.
Materials and methods: Men between the ages of 20 and 70 were included in our prospective research of men. The subjects were required to complete a 3-day voiding diary, and uroflowmetry was performed in accordance with our department's normal methodology.
Results: Qavg and Qmax were 17.5 and 28.7 mL/s on average. The typical V24 and F24 were respectively 1653.7 mL and 6.5. The biggest single voided volume (r = 0.308, P = 0.002), the smallest single voided volume (r = 0.500, P = 0.001), the daytime voided volume (r = 0.378, P = 0.001), the nighttime voided volume (r = 0.533, P = 0.001), and Vavg (r = 0.704, P = 0.001) were all positively correlated with the mean V24. PVR (r = 0.415, P<0.001), night time frequency (r = 0.353, P<0.001), and voiding frequency (r = 0.345, P < 0.001) were all strongly correlated with mean age.
Conclusion: The uroflowmetry parameters of elderly men are significantly influenced by the voiding position. It was discovered that voiding while sitting was ideal for elderly men, but it was impossible to tell what effect the voiding position had in healthy young men. To further understand this problem, more investigation is required.