Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : hearing impairment


Prakash SB; Sangeeta Tuppad; Prashanth N Dixit

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 1033-1039

Cigarette smoking has become a common tendency worldwide. In general, tobacco is consumed by approximately 1.3 billion of the world’s population. Smoking is an addiction that has been accepted by the community despite its harmful effects. In general, these have suggested that smokers have a greater risk of hearing loss than non- smokers.


Kamalini Bepari, Soubhagini Acharya, Sayambika Mishra, Fakir Mohan Mohanta 1Kamalini Bepari, 2Soubhagini Acharya, 3Sayambika Mishra, 4Fakir Mohan Mohanta

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 11185-11192

Background: Hearing impairment in school-aged children is especially essential because
it is at this age that the basis for education, mental, and language development is built.
The current study attempts to quantify the burden of hearing impairment among school
children in Sambalpur, Odisha, both rural and urban.
Methods: In addition to clinical evaluation, pure tone audiometry at speech frequency
was performed on 5500 pupils in Burla, Sambalpur, and Hirakud to screen out cases of
deafness. Attempts were made to delve into the numerous circumstances that
contributed to their deafness. In addition, other information such as the respondents'
parents' socioeconomic position, social adequacy, history of the current and past
disease, and so on was gathered.
Results: Sambalpur has the greatest incidence of deafness (11.25 percent), followed by
Hirakud NAC (10.48 percent) and Burla (9.15 percent). Deafness was most common in
children aged 5-6 years (42.93 percent, with 40.97 percent conductive and 1.81 percent
sensorineural) and least common (7.55 percent) in children aged 13 and up. There was
no discernible variation in the incidence of deafness by sex or side of affection.
Secretory otitis media (37.21 percent) was the most common cause of deafness among
cases of conductive deafness, especially among children under the age of five.
Conclusion: The study emphasises the significant prevalence of hearing impairment in
the study population and the need to increase hearing impairment-focused school health


Nesma elsayed Mohamed barakat; Amira Mohamed eltohamy; Gehan Hassan elmeniawy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 1686-1706

Hearing impaired children, showed deficits in both the movement and the balance on the postural control. this research was conducted for the objective of revealing the impact of exercising the brain gym on the postural control, among the students with hearing impairment,
Methods. A single before and after without control group experimental design, was performed. it involved 26 students with bilateral hearing impairment (deaf and dumb) their age ranged from 7 to 10 years. male & female. they fulfilled the inclusion criteria. One experimental group, participated in the intervention in which static and dynamic balance were measured by using BOTs. The students were subject to train the exercises for 1 hour per day – 3 times a week on the activities of the brain gym . that was run for 12 weeks, and pre & post intervention values were, measured. Results . there was a significant increase in the point score, scale score after intervention rather than the before treatment of the study’s group, with the probability of ,<0,001). There was no great differences regarding the point score, among girls & boys with the probability of p>0,05)- while there was no great increase in the scale score among males for the before intervention rather than among the females as the probability was >0,05)- while there was a great increase in the scale score among the 7,1-8,8 months of age group before treatment. compared with that of 8,9-10,8 months age group. with the probability =0,0008- and no significant differences post treatment with the probability of p>0,05).
Conclusions . the study showed: practicing the exercises of the brain gym was useful for the postural control among the students injured by the hearing impairments.

Early Detection of Hearing Impairment in Neonates with Dual/Multiple TORC (Toxoplasma, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus) Infections

Risa Etika, Iin Fatimah, Nyilo Purnami, GadisMeinar Sari, Puspa Wardhani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 3238-3253

Background and objective:Hearing impairment is often associated with pregnancy
infections such as Toxoplasma, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus (TORC). The aimswere to
determine the prevalence of hearing impairment using Otoacoustic Emissions (OAE) and
analyze the associated risk factors in neonates with dual/multiple TORC infections.
Materials and Methods:This cross-sectionalstudy was conducted from
SeptemberuntilNovember 2019. Infants admitted in the intermediate room during the
period were included in the study and underwent OAE to evaluate the presence of hearing
impairment.Infants with OAE refer tested with TORC examination. Prevalence of hearing
impairment with dual/multiple TORC infections was calculated and the Odds Ratio for
specific risk factors was measured using Fisher’s exact test.
Results: Over the period, 50 babies were screened. Forty-three babies (86%) presented
normal hearing at OAE. Seven babies (14%) response OAE refer. Out of 7 infants, one
infant classified OAE refer had early discharged, the six of them undergo TORC
examination. Out of 6 infants, 5 of them represented dual/multiple TORC infections. By
univariant analysis,the most higher risk factor for hearing impairment and dual/multiple
TORC infection was the premature rupture of membrane OR 41; 95% CI 3,65 – 46,03.
Correlation between dual/multiple TORC infection and hearing impairment was
significant statistically, p=0.001, R = 0.826.


T. Kalaiselvi; K. Kalaivani; R. Abirami; S. Janani; V. Harshavadhani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 2769-2772

Audio Bone is an advancement in listening technology that enables to hear even though the ear drum is damaged. The main aim of this project is to implement the hearing aid using bone conduction technology. The conduction device (headphones) performs the role of eardrums in bone conduction listening. The device decrypts sound wave and converts it into vibrations, thus excludes the eardrums and bypasses directly to the Cochlea. The vibrations through the bones of skull and skin, reaches the ear as sound.