Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : EPR


J. Johnsi; R. Nagalakshmi; K.R. Sughashini; V. Sunanthini; R. Lakshmi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 2779-2791

During the process of discovering route in MANET, path request broadcast and path response packets
are the necessary operations to locate the consistent route from the cradle point or node to the end node.
In these situations, intermediate node which may or may not belong to the route discovery process will
also update the route table and re-broadcast the route discovery packets to its neighboring nodes. Finally
the best possible path is found which has a minimum of hopping to reach the destination. This will
increase overhead and worsens routing performance in turn. The proposed Enhanced Petal Ant Routing
(The EPR) algorithm offers low overhead by optimizing FANT and BANT transmissions in the route
discovery process. This is a improvement from SARA and has features taken from petal routing. The
algorithm is simulated on NS2, against the ACO framework called SARA and classic routing protocols
such as AOMDV and AODV. The simulation results shows that EPR further reduces overhead by
eliminating redundant forwarding FANT compared to other routing algorithms.

Review on E-Waste Along with Its Management

Dr. Pallavi Srivastava

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 1323-1328

The name given to all electronic and electrical appliances that are at the end of their lives is electronic waste commonly known as e-waste. In short, e-waste is a term that cuddles different forms of electrical and electronic devices that have ceased to be of any value to their owners. Electronic waste or e-waste in one of developing countries such as India and developed countries’ is growing global problems. E-waste contains useful as well as hazardous content with shoddier impacts on health and the environment. This review paper offers an analysis of global e-waste figures, e-waste portion health concerns as well as waste management, recycling, regulatory strategies and e-waste guidelines. Existing and future e-waste management programs have been discussed by communicating strategies for e-waste management to developed countries. The path to sustainability in e-waste management programs such as Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) and Producer Responsibility Organization (PRO) has been clearly presented. E-waste environment is a forum for resources (hydrogen and electricity) market project and reliable metal recovery (gold, silver and platinum) by biotechnology approaches.