Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Dermatoses

Prevalence of Clinical Skin Conditions seen in Pediatric Outpatient Department

Sanjana Challagalla; Revathi Yeleswaram; Shradha Salunkhe; Sharad Agarkhedkar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 8, Pages 1086-1093

Background: Dermatological manifestations (DM) in a developing country like India, where living conditions are poor and a variety of causes contribute to the various skin disorders, especially in children.
Aim: The aim of our study was to estimate the incidence rates of pediatric skin diseases in Pune region.
Materials and Methods: The data from departmental registries were evaluated for 260 children for 18-months period which served as a single group. The collected data comprised of all pediatric out patient department (OPD) patients aged two months to fifteen years who presented with a dermatological manifestation. The diagnosis was documented at the pediatric OPD. Mean and standard deviation were computed for quantitative factors such as age, while frequency and percentages were used to report qualitative variables such as gender and diagnoses of various skin conditions.
Results: Infections was seen in 55% of the cases, followed by allergic reactions (25.4%) and other dermatoses (19.6%). Out of 66 patients of allergic reactions, seborrhoeic dermatitis was the most common with 39.5%, followed by eczema (25.9%) and urticaria seen in 16.6. Xeroses was most common from other dermatoses which was seen in 14% of the cases. Infections such as pityriasis was seen in 52 cases, followed by tinea capitis in 20 and tinea pedis in 21 cases.
Conclusion: Patterns of skin problems serve as an indicator of community development and the quality of health care accessible. Our research provides preliminary baseline information for future epidemiologic and clinical research.

Prevalence of Pruritis in pregnancy: A prospective study from the North India

Dr. Geeta Yadav, Dr. Garima Yadav

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 3579-3585

Background: Pregnancy-related specific dermatoses are skin conditions that develop during pregnancy and go away after delivery. Itching and only secondary skin lesions in the form of excoriations, with or without signs of cholestasis, are the main symptoms of the skin illness known as pruritus gravidarum in gravid women.So, the present study was conducted with an aim to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of pruritus among pregnant women.
Methods: The present prospective cross-sectional study was conducted among pregnant women in the outpatient (OPD) of the department of Obstetrics and Gynecology for 12 months. Complete dermatological examination was done in all cases to study the physiological and pathological changes of skin. Appropriate investigations were done if required to confirm the diagnosis. A preformed questionnaire was used for data collection to document baseline characteristics pruritis type and pruritis characteristics. The collected data was entered in the Microsoft (MS) Excel Spreadsheet and also, analysis of data carried out using MS Excel Spreadsheet. A p value of <0.05 was considered as statistically significant.
Results: In present 256 pregnant subjects were enrolled. The mean age of study subjects was 27.9±5.6 years.The prevalence of pruritis among enrolled subjects was 18.3%. The most common pruritis type was pruritis gravidarum (12.5%) and least common was pruritic folliculitis (0.8%).No pruritis was observed in the first and second trimester mothers and mothers with 3 or more gravida.In our study, among the subject with pruritis, more than four fifth of the them were having pruritis in the abdomen (89.4%) and chest region (83.0%). Chi-square analysis showed significant association between variables (period of gestation and trimester) with the pruritis (p<0.05).
Conclusion: During pregnancy, pruritus is frequent. While it can be the outcome of physiologic changes associated with pregnancy or diseases peculiar to pregnancy, it might also be an indication of an underlying, unrelated illness process.


Dr. Bhavi Shah, Dr. Bimal Barot, Dr. Priyank Patel, Dr. Ambuj Tripathi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 1213-1217

Background: Pediatric dermatoses are disorder in children comprising the skin disease during their infant ages. Objectives: To assess the disease pattern and prevalence of various skin disorders in the infant age group at tertiary hospital. Material and Methods: Infants with skin dermatoses pf age group of 1-5 years attending the outpatient were enrolled in the study. A detailed history was taken in the report form of all the enrolled patients. The clinical examination and laboratory reports were done to confirm the diagnosis of the patients. Results: In the study the total number of 250 patients were included. The most seen skin disease pattern is infections and infestations infestation (42%), Eczema (14 %), Papulosquamous disorder (6%), pigmentary disorder, hypersensitivity disorder, keratinization disorder, nutritional disorder, scabies, urticaria, other types of infection were seen. Conclusion: The detailed knowledge in the infants about the pattern of dermatoses will help in implementing essential changes in health education and disease control strategies in the concerned area.

Pattern and burden of dermatoses in paediatrics: A paediatrician’s perspective

Dr. Halak Vasavada, Dr. Snehal Patel, Dr. Panchshila Parmar, Dr. Katha Vyas, Dr. Kamesh Patel

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 11968-11972

Concerns related to skin are very common reason for parents to seek paediatricians help. The present study aims to study role of a paediatrician in managing dermatological disorders and need for referrals, the data of which is scarce in Indian scenario. This study showed current pattern of paediatric dermatoses in children at tertiary care hospital, Ahmedabad with a high frequency of infection and infestations with young teenagers as identified focus group for need of intervention.