Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Medial compartment


Paramesha K C , Nitin N Sunku, Raghavendra J

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 673-680

BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most prevalent type of arthritis in the world. With the progressive aging of the population, it is becoming a major problem of public health. Symptomatic Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is chronic, progressive degenerative joint disease with accompanying pain, stiffness, and deformity of the knee joint. Osteoarthritis is the most frequent joint disease with a prevalence of 22% to 39% in India. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pain relief and  radiological improvement in medial joint space following proximal fibular osteotomy in medial compartment knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: From November 2018 to May 2020, 25 patients (four cases were bilateral so total of 29 knees) who underwent proximal fibular osteotomy for medial compartment osteoarthritis in teaching hospitals attached to Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute, were followed up. Preoperative and postoperative weightbearing and entire lower extremity X-rays were obtained to analyze the alignment of the lower extremity and ratio of the knee joint space (medial/lateral compartment). Functional assessment was done using Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) & American Knee Society Score. (KSS). RESULTS: A total of 25 patients and 29 knees were followed-up. Of these, 6 were male and 19 were female patient. The average age was 58.72 years. The average preoperative VAS score, KSS clinical & KSS functional score were 6.75 points, 40.31 points & 44.82 respectively. According to KL grading, there were 20 knees of grade 2 and 9 knees of Grade 3. The average postoperative VAS score, KSS clinical & KSS functional score were 2.34 points, 76.79 points & 76.72 points respectively. The medial joint space has improved significantly from a preoperative value of 1.22 mm to postoperatively 3.71 mm. The ratio of medial to lateral joint space improved from a preoperative value of 0.20 to 0.67. CONCLUSION: Patients who underwent Proximal Fibular Osteotomy showed statistically significant improvement in functional & radiological outcome at 6 months follow up. We conclude by stating that PFO is an attractive option for pain relief in patients with medial compartment osteoarthritis of knee. The procedure is simpler, effective, and easy to perform. It is less expensive and requires lesser rehabilitation than alternative procedures like HTO, UKA & TKA. It gives excellent pain relief postoperatively & is associated with fewer complications

A study on clinical profile of patients with medial compartment knee osteoarthritis

Dr. Harshavardhan BR, Dr. Sachin K, Dr. Prakash Sasnur

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 12031-12036

Knee osteoarthritis is one of the most common joint disorders, and it causes severe pain and immobility. Total knee replacement (TKA) is very effectively relieves pain and improves knee function in patients with late-stage knee osteoarthritis. However, TKA is expensive and complex, and some patients need a second revision. The study included patients with medial compartment osteoarthritis, who were treated by proximal fibular osteotomy. The patients were diagnosed of knee osteoarthritis by American College of Rheumatology criteria and severity of disease was graded by Kellgren and Lawrence grading system. In our study, total number of patients was 27. Among them 3 were bilateral cases. Hence total number of knees was 30. Among 30 knees, 14 were right knees and 16 were left knees. The diagnosis of stage of osteoarthritis was done by using Kellgren and Lawrence classification system. Among 30 knees, 16 cases were in Stage 2, 13 cases were in Stage 3 and 1 case was in Stage 4