Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : ureteric calculi


The correlation between the grade of hydronephrosis and the level of renal function impairment in all the cases of hydronephrosis due to ureteric calculi

Dr. Mohan Ram P, Dr. Amruth SR, Dr. Sri Ram Varma Angani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 2624-2629

Depending on the site of obstruction to the urinary flow, the hydronephrosis may be unilateral or bilateral. A unilateral hydronephrosis occurs when the obstruction is above the level of the bladder. Causes may be present either outside the ureter, in the wall of the ureter or the lumen of the ureter. Ureteral obstruction with subsequent hydronephrosis is a common clinical occurrence. All relevant and routine investigations were done in these cases to establish diagnosis. Ethical clearance has been obtained from the institution for the same. All these patients were examined, evaluated & data was collected according to the proforma. In this study, 2 cases (2%) of the total study subjects had abnormal blood urea levels and 73 cases (98%) had a normal blood urea levels though they had various grades of hydronephrosis. In this study series of 75 patients, the p-value obtained in the comparison between the serum creatinine levels & the different grades of hydronephrosis was <0.001, which proves statistical significance.

Clinical profile of patients with hydronephrosis due to ureteric calculi at a tertiary care hospital

Dr. Mohan Ram P, Dr. Amruth SR, Dr. Sri Ram Varma Angani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 2630-2636

Acute complete ureteral occlusion may cause little change in the collecting system, especially if there is an intrarenal collecting system. Chronic obstruction can produce an enlarged, normal, or atrophic kidney, again depending on the length and degree of obstruction, as well as the presence of an intrarenal or extrarenal collecting system. Detailed history was taken and a thorough clinical examination was done for all the patients with Hydronephrosis due to Ureteric Calculi. All relevant and routine investigations were done in these cases to establish diagnosis. Ethical clearance has been obtained from the institution for the same. All these patients were examined, evaluated & data was collected according to the proforma. Amongst the study subjects, mild grade of hydronephrosis was seen in 42 cases (56%), thus being the most common grade of hydronephrosis. About 28 cases (37%) showed moderate grade of hydronephrosis and severe grade of hydronephrosis was seen in 5 cases (7%).