Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Under five children

“Effectiveness Of Structured Teaching Program On Knowledge Regarding Home Management Of Upper Respiratory Tract Infecton In Under Five Children Among The Mothers Of Under Five Children Admitted At Krishna Hospital Karad.”

Miss. Vrushali Suryawanshi, Miss.Sayali Tambewagh, Miss . Teena S Varghese Mrs. Sheetal. Avinash. Kadam, Mrs Anagha Katti , Mrs Manda Mulik

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 8350-8357

Background: -India has 440 million children. About 27 million children are born each    year in India. But nearly 2 million of them do not live to the age of 5.  Upper respiratory infections are leading cause of child mortality (30%) in India.1..WHO report stated that children below five years of age suffer about 5    episodes of URTI per child per year. URTI is responsible for about 30-40% of visits to health care facilities and for about 20-40% admission to hospitals.The proportions of death due to respiratory infection in the community is much higher as many children die at home.2
Methodology:-.Quasi experimental (one group pre post, post testdesign )was used with evaluative approach among 50 subjects by Using simple random sampling Technique.Permission taken from ethical committee and concern authority of the institute  andbefore collection of the data informed consent taken from mothers. Data were collected from mothers by using knowledge questionnaire on demographic data and Home Management Of Upper Respiratory Tract Infecton In Under Five Children.Collected data were analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Result :- Result reveals thatknowledge regarding  upper respiratory tract infecton  among the mothers of  under five children is . 76%  mothers had average  level of   knowledge regarding URTI.  24%  had  good level of knowledge regarding URTI and  no one is having poor level of  knowledgeregarding URTI.


Dr. Sanjay Kumar, Dr. Nirmal Kumar Mandal, Dr. Pankaj Kumar, Dr. Hemkant Jha, Dr. D.K. Sharma, Dr. Vikash Chandra

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 3434-3439

Introduction: Acute respiratory infections (ARI) are the leading cause of mortality and morbidity globally in children under five years of age. Many risk factors for these infections have been reported which include mostly the climatic conditions and also the poverty, poor nutrition, poor housing conditions, indoor air pollution such as parental smoking, absence of ventilation, overcrowding etc.
Materials and Methodology: A sample of 450 children was included in the study population after calculated using the formula. The slums were selected using simple random sampling procedure (Lottery method). Personal visits were made to the houses of all the subjects, children were examined and the parent/care-taker was personally interviewed using the pre-tested questionnaire. A p < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.
Results: The present study was undertaken by selecting 450 children. The areas selected for the present study were characterized by a high rate of illiteracy, poor socioeconomic conditions and delayed utilization of medical facilities. ARI was detected among 122 children. Therefore, the incidence rate of ARI in our study was 27.25%. URTI was found in 19.25% of the cases, and LRTI was diagnosed in the remaining 8%.
Conclusion: ARI is reported to be a public health concern killing millions of our future citizens across the country. The study would be an eye-opener for further research in those areas with poor health care settings due to fewer resources.

Study Of Factors Affecting The Immunization Status Of The 1-5 Year Child

Sohan B; Hamsa Manasa K

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 1359-1363

Background: Immunization is one of the most cost effective public health interventions which directly or indirectly prevents the bulk of mortality in under-fives. Complete vaccination of each and every child is the current need to reduce mortality and morbidity of under five in India. Since, the program of immunization on the whole was not found satisfactory in some of the states including Maharashtra.
Method:  Study design:  A cross‑sectional study. Study setting: UHTC area of tertiary acre center. Study population: The study population included all mothers who have one child or more
Sample size: 840
Results: A total of 840 children were included in the study and the male to female ratio was 1.6:1. As per age, 388 (46.2%) children were between 12-24 months of age, 184 (21.9%) were between 25 -36 months, 74 (8.8%) were between 37-48 months and 194 (23.1%) were between 49-60 months. Mother was illiterate in 136 (16.2%) cases, primary educated in 285 (33.9%) cases, HSC educated in 345 (41.1%) cases and graduate in 74 (8.8%) cases. Out of total 840 children, 520 (61.9%) were completely immunized, 312 (37.1%) were partially immunized and 8 (1%) were unimmunized. Immunization coverage for Bacillus Calmette–Guerin (BCG), Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) zero dose, OPV + Diphtheria Pertussis Tetanus (DPT) first dose, OPV + DPT second dose, OPV + DPT 3rd dose and measles vaccine was found to be 823 (97.9%), 840 (100%), 791 (94.2%), 776 (92.4%), 727 (86.5%) and 676 (80.4%) respectively.
Conclusions: Mother’s education significantly influences the immunization coverage among the under-fives. Sex of a child had no significant association with immunization coverage in 1-5 year.