Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Erythroderma

Etiology of erythroderma: An observational study in a teaching hospital

Lakshmi Kamcharla, KV Sridevi, Mortha Lavanya, Nageswaramma Siddabattuni

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 3453-3457

Introduction: Erythroderma is an intense exfoliative disease with generalized redness appearing all over the skin. Even when managed well, it is capable of causing many deaths. As a result a proper etiopathology of the disease has to be properly established to facilitate a timely and appropriate treatment.
Materials and methods: 203 patients who were clinically diagnosed for erythroderma were included in this study. Detailed demographic data, the time of onset, a history if any cutaneous diseases and the medications, comorbities, history of weight loss, history of pruritis, ungueal alterations, palmo-plantar keratoderma, ectropion was taken.
Results: 55.17% of the patients were males and 44.83% were females. The most common age group was 30- 50 years. The most common cause was psoriasis in nearly 50%, followed by drug reactions in 26.6% and idiopathic causes in 4.93%.
Conclusion: In our study, a large number of patients with erythroderma had psoriasis, proving that condition to be the most common cause, followed by drug reactions and idiopathic reasons.