Keywords : Brachial Artery
A Prospective Study on the Variations in the Anatomy of Brachial Artery and Its Branching Patterns on Cadavers
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 856-859
Background: Branching pattern of the brachial artery is important during percutaneous arterial catheterization, so as to prevent any complications arising from accidental damage to the anomalous vessel and knowledge of the variations are important for plastic surgeons.
Material and Methods: This study was conducted in the Department of Anatomy with the aim to know the variations in the anatomy of Brachial Artery and its branching patterns. This study included total n = 100 Upper limb specimens.
Results: We included n = 100 specimens in this study. Among 100 specimens, 84% showed normal branching pattern of brachial artery. Rest 16% specimens were showing variations. This study observed that 10% variation of branching pattern of brachial artery by trifurcation near its termination, 2% by Double profunda brachii artery arising from brachial artery, 2% High origin of radial artery & 2% High division of brachial artery.
Conclusion: This study concludes that exact knowledge of these arterial variations is extremely important as these are having frequent injuries and these variations are also involved in various surgeries around the shoulder, arm and fracture management of the humerus as well as multiple microvascular reconstructive surgeries and radiologic diagnostic techniques.