Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : transformation


Cultural Transformation In The Sea Wolf Of Jack London.

Ms. Neetu Sharma; Dr. Kusum Vasishth

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 6272-6277

The life and the works of Jack London depict his struggles to bring a radical transformation of American culture like Sinclair Lewis who satirized the “Main Street mentality” and “Babbitt culture” spreading like a destructive virus in America. Jack London expressed his commitment for the the socialist movement to uproot the capitalism of America. He belonged to the grass root level; he had worked in mills, factories and mines and had seen the oppression of the rich people. He got the first emotional shock when his beloved Mabel Applegarth deserted him and he started hating the upper class values. He had innate sympathy for the working class and as a proletarian; he desired to be a part of the Cultural Revolution. London possessed exceptional gifts which could lift him out of his class. But his passion for socialism infused in him a strong enthusiasm to bring drastic change in the contemporary America. His drive for material prosperity put him in dilemma; on one hand he was a committed socialist and on the other hand he desired to be rich to escape the hell of poverty and hunger. Jack London continues struggling in life and continued writings novels to articulate his passion for the cause of socialism and to bring the cultural transformation. London realized that the poor and the proletariats are weaklings and the weak have no place in the cruel oppressive system; they have to organize themselves with to fight with the oppressive forces.

INFLUENCE OF VAHDAT UL-WOOJUDE PHILOSOPHY (UNITY OF BEING) ON NAKSHBANDIYA DOCTRINES Transformation processes and special features

Jafar Kholmuminov; Juraev Narzulla

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 297-307

The philosophy of Sufism reached the highest level due to the theosophical doctrine of the great philosopher, theologian, poet, one of the great representatives of the philosophy of Sufism, known as “Sheikh ul-Akbar” - “The Greatest Sheikh” Mukhyiddin ibn al-Arabi (1165-1240) inspired by the views of Haq im at-Termizi. The theories of Ibn al-Arabi about “Vahdat Ul-Woojude” (Unity of Being) and Inson al-Kamil - the Perfect man embraced the entire Muslim East and positively influenced the views of Western philosophers. Also, in the history of Sufism, the doctrines of the Tariqata Khojagon, which was founded by Khoja Yusuf Hamadani and Khoja Abduholik Gijduvani (1103-1218), then perfected by Khoja Bakhouddin Naqshband (1318-1389) and named Nakshbandiya and spiritually unified the regions of Mavanranakhr , was not left without the influence of the philosophy of “Wahdat ul-wujud” (Unity of Being) Ibn al-Arabi. Representatives of the Naqshbandi doctrines such as: Khoja Muhammad Porso Bukhoriy, Khoja Ubaidullo Ahror Vali, Mavlyana Abdurahman Jami, Alisher Navai, Khoja Mahdum Azam and Ahmad Sirhindi also made a significant contribution to the development of the ideas of “Vahdat Ul-Woojude” (Unity of Being) .

BIODIAGNOSTIC INDICATORS OF IRRIGATED SOILS OF BUKHARA OASIS

Lazizakhon Gafurova; Odiljon Sharipov; Dilafruz Makhkamova; Gulchekhra Nabieva

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 379-391

This article presents the morphological, agrochemical, physicochemical and chemical properties of soils of irrigated meadow-alluvial and irrigated desert-sandy soils of Bukhara Oasis. Indicators of biological activity of soils, their seasonal dynamics, evaluation of the level of biological activity of soils on the basis of integral indicators of soil main texture-properties, transformation coefficient, biogenicity, ecological-biological status of organic matter of irrigated soils of the territory are given.

The Paradigm Of Contemporary Russian Literary Process

Saodat Kamilova; Berdieva Shakhnoza

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 4235-4246

In modern literary studies the problem of revelation and characterization of
literary process of the early XXI century presenting itself as a social document and
reflection of modern reality through artistic details and language is conceptually
meaningful. The origin of new humanitarian trends topicalizes the elaboration and
formation of new methodological approaches to the study of development of literary
process at the turn of the XX-XXI centuries. The research of modern literary process seems
to be very important as it differed by complex, ambiguously discrepant and multilayer
character, which specificity is conditioned by qualitatively new peculiarities defining inner
regularities of development of modern literature. The present article is devoted to the
characteristics and detailed analysis of main conceptions of contemporary Russian literary
process. The conceptual models by M.Remizova, N.Ivanova, S.Chuprinin, Y.Yermolin are
analyzed and generalized; personal opinion on conceptual tendencies of the development
of Russian literature at the turn of the XX-XXI centuries, represented in the scheme
perturbation – climate – arena, is suggested. Such approach to the systematization of
literary material allowed displaying the key tendencies of the development of modern
literary process in Russia. Besides, the definition of conceptual lines of the development of
Russian literary process of the early XXI century in the scheme perturbation – climate –
arena allows revelation of general principle of comprising a full-fledged conception of
literary process of the researched period that, in its turn, gives a stimulus for broadening
horizons of researches in literary studies with the tide of renovation of terminological and
categorical apparatus.