Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Islam


THE PLACE AND ROLE OF THE SUFI AND PHILOSOPHICAL ORDER OF THE NAQSHBANDI IN THE PROCESS OF DEVELOPING INTERCULTURAL RELATIONS OF THE TAJIK AND UZBEK PEOPLES

Jafar Kholmuminov; Narzulla Juraev

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 308-317

The Sufi medal of Hadjgon, which was later known as the doctrine of Naqshbandiya, has left a great spiritual, scientific and literary heritage to the Islamic world and humanity in general during its almost nine centuries of history. Representatives of this doctrine, edifying lives of spiritual leaders and great thinkers, their views on religion and the world, on the universe and man, knowledge and enlightenment, and love, scientific and artistic works dedicated to different knowledge and themes occupy a peculiar place in the history of Islamic thinking. Even after the reign of Timurid, the doctrines of Naqshbandi remained a symbol of unity and friendship among the peoples of Central вAsia and continued to serve as a factor in the systematization of their daily way of life and education, enriching their spiritual world and literature. In Persian and Turkic poetry of the 17th-19th centuries, the ideas of Naqshbandiy were sung. The article briefly explores the role and place of the doctrines of Naqshbandiy as a religious and philosophical trend in the development of intercultural and interethnic relations between the peoples of Central Asia, partly Tajiks and Uzbeks.

CONTEMPORARY ISSUES OF RELIGIOUS STUDIES IN UZBEKISTAN

M.F. Alimova; D.U. Qalandarova; L. Alimjonova

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 547-554

The paper deals with the actual problems, major directions and development trends of the field of Religious Studies in Uzbekistan. It is clear that the youths have become the main target of different destructive ideas in the period of globalization. The paper focuses on the prevention of these threats and formation of a spiritual immunity against them as well as on the improvement of healthy lifestyle and respect towards national and universal values in souls and minds of the youths in order to prevent a gap to be appeared in their spiritual world. National and religious values have developed for better in Uzbekistan recent years. A special attention has been paid on the deep study and analysis of the religious-educational heritage of ancestors and continuation of their scientific traditions worthily. It was explained that the fact that increase of an interest towards a religion gives a chance to solve the modern complicated issues providing a harmonization of problems in society, thoughts about the solution of them, secular and religious values. Thousands of sects such as Christianity, Buddhism, Islam and other religions were emerged in the second half of the 20th century. The paper emphasizes a possibility to suppose that such kind of processes may be continued in the future. A special attention was paid on the formation of a critical and conscious approach in the youths towards religious news for choosing an objective way in the cyberspace and using the system of the modern information and communication technologies.

THE INFLUENCE OF THE INSTITUTION OF RELIGION ON STRATIFICATION PROCESSES (ISLAMIC EXAMPLE)

Bahramjan Farfiyev

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 730-738

It is well known from the history of mankind that in the life of every society the issues of social stratification processes acquire fundamental importance. Since ancient times people have been thinking about the reasons of stratification. In ancient Greece encyclopedic scientists in their works tried to scientifically substantiate the phenomenon of inequality as a natural process. With this approach, they justified the pattern of human exploitation. Along with other factors, religion, too, as a social institution, significantly influenced the stratification processes. This tendency is inherent to all world and national religions. And in modern conditions both material and spiritual factors actively influence the processes of social stratification. In this article the influence of the institute of religion on the processes of social stratification is investigated. It is noted that in some doctrines religion is the backbone of closed stratification systems. An example of such stratification is the caste system of India. In Islam all people are considered equal and the privileged position coming from the ancestral dynasty is strictly condemned. In comparison with material wealth, the status of an educated person is considered the most prestigious. In the history of our country, as a result of adaptation of the precepts of Islam to the interests of the ruling classes, there were classes of Ishans, Khojis, Sayyids, etc., which had nothing to do with Islam. Nowadays, these classes have only a symbolic meaning. Therefore, Islam does not affect the stratification processes of contemporary Uzbek society. However, observance by people of the norms of Islamic morality is important in the activities of officials. These findings have been confirmed by empirical research conducted in various regions of the country, among various classes of the population.