Keywords : Squamosal
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 1226-1231
Background- Hearing loss and ear diseases can present at birth or acquired as a result of illness, middle-ear disease, injury, age, ototoxic medications, and/or induced by exposure to loud sound. People living with hearing impairment face problems in language acquisition, education, employment and overall wellbeing.
Objectives - This study aimed to assess the prevalence and profile of middle ear diseases in patients coming to tertiary care centre and teaching hospital in Varanasi district of Uttar Pradesh.
Methods -A retrospective study was carried out at a tertiary care centre and teaching hospital in Varanasi. The study involved patients of all age groups with ear disease coming to Ear Nose Throat Out Patient Department whose records were registered. Patients with external ear disease, inner ear disease, and those coming to emergency with trauma were excluded from the study. Institutional Review Committee clearance was taken.
Result -A total of 4514 patients aged between 10 months and 88 years underwent examinations including otoscopy, examination under microscope, pure tone audiometry and impedance audiometry. Out of these 4514 patients, 453 were diagnosed with middle ear diseases which is 10.06 % of patients attending ENT OPD.
Conclusion -In this study it is seen that chronic otitis media (mucosal type) is the most common among middle ear diseases and most patients were of age group 16-30 years