Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Tertiary Hospital

Prevalence and Determinants of nosocomial inflections among patients in ventilator in a Tertiary Care Hospital at Makkah Al-mukarramh 2022

Mohammed Hasan Alsharif, Esraa Abbas Bokhari, Anwar Rashad Hakeem, Rahaf yaseen Almutawa, Imtinan Abdullah Alhazmi, Raniyah Abdulrahim Alsiyami, Sohaib Osama Baarimah, Bashayer Saad Altowerqy, Ataa Fouad Mesbah

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 398-413

Nosocomial infections or healthcare-acquired infections are a common cause of increased morbidity and mortality among hospitals patients. Patients are at an increased risk for these infections due to their health states. Considering these adverse effects on and the socioeconomic burden, efforts should be made to minimize the transmission of these infections and make the hospitals a safer environment. These infection rates can be significantly reduced by the implementing and improving compliance with the “care bundles.” the common nosocomial infections such as ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI), and surgical site infections (SSI).ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common nosocomial infection in the intensive care unit (ICU). It is a pulmonary infection that occurs after at least 48 hours of intermittent positive-pressure ventilation (IPPV), and is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. The incidence of VAP ranges from 10% to 65% of intubated patients depending on the risk factors. This study aimed: To assess prevalence and determinants for nosocomial inflections (NI) among patients in ventilator at Makkah Al-mukarramh hospital Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross -sectional research design was carried out between Feb 2021 to May 2021 included 300 of patients in ventilator, who were randomly selected from hospitals. A structured questionnaire and observation checklist was used for data collection.  using 3part Questionnaire and analyzed via SPSS v24 software. Chi-square test was run to analyses associations between socio-demographic data. Results: The distribution of pathogens is demonstrated, level of education, monthly income, hospital stays, BMI, chronic Medical conditions show that a significant relation between Nosocomial infection and Chronic Medical conditions were P-value=0.000 Conclusion: The study's found that prevalence of nosocomial inflections among patients in ventilator in a Tertiary Care Hospital . Therefore careful disinfection and strict procedures of nosocomial inflections are necessary in places that serve nosocomial inflections patient. Moreover, a vision for the improvement of reports and studies in hospitals to report the rate of the nosocomial inflections, hence, there is a need to raise awareness as well as training on nosocomial inflections among patients in ventilator