Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : morphology


COMPARATIVE STUDY OF INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS ‘WHAT’ AND ‘WHO’ IN ENGLISH AND UZBEK LANGUAGES

Normamatova Dilfuza Turdikulovna

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 590-601

This article reveals the interrogative aspect of question forms in English and Uzbek, including the characteristics of interrogative pronouns ‘Kim’/’Nima’ in Uzbek and ‘Who’/’What’ in English. ‘What’/‘Who’ and ‘Kim’/’Nima’ in two English and Uzbek languages by definition indicate meanings of both “interrogation”, and thus it is anticipated that the semantic characteristics of these forms will not differ significantly. When studying the semantic characteristics of both ‘who/kim’ and ‘what/nima’ are listener-oriented interrogative sentences with strong communicativity possess the commonality in English and Uzbek. It is analyzed, the status of interrogative words “Who’ and ‘What’ (WH-words) for interrogative interpretations in English and Uzbek, including the derivation of constituent questions evolves from a specific interplay of syntactic representations with pragmatics. The given examples in English and Uzbek to compare the interrogative pronouns in morphological usage verify the evident distinctions. However, one perceives many differences when examining the morphologic characteristics of interrogative pronouns ‘Who’ and “What’ in both English and Uzbek languages. In a cross-linguistic overview, we discuss the characteristic elements contributing to the derivation of interrogatives in Uzbek. It also replies in the article that WH-words can form a constitutive part not only of interrogative, but also of exclamative and declarative clauses. Based on this, characteristic of interrogatives in exclamation and rhetoric usage the question usage does not solicit an answer.

TOPOGRAPHIC OPTIONS OF THE EXTERNAL HEPATIC BILE DUCTS IN RABBITS AND RATS

Mamataliev A.R.; Khusanov E.U.; Korzhavov Sh.O.; Makhramkulov Z.M

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 2173-2177

In this work, the options for the topographic structure of the extrahepatic bile ducts were studied, compared with the portal vein and the own hepatic artery, different options for the location of the extrahepatic bile duct of a morphological nature. Consequently, a comparative study of the structural features of the extrahepatic bile ducts in mammals with and without a gallbladder and structural rearrangements of the extrahepatic bile ducts after cholecystectomy is an urgent scientific problem in theoretical and practical medicine.

MОRPHOLOGY OF THE INTERACTION OF DENTURES FROM THE MUCOUS MEMBRANE OF ORAL CAVITY IN INDIVIDUALS WITH INTOLERANT TO ACRYLATES

Alisher Alimov; Gulnara Muminova; Anvar Alimov; Fakhriddin Shamsiev; Kamola Abduyusupova

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 4243-4250

Using the method of scanning electron microscopy learned the state of the surface of dentures and the oral mucosa in individuals that intolerant to acrylic dentures.
It was found that in case of intolerance to acrylic dentures significant accumulation of microorganisms and their proliferation are determined on the surface of the prosthetics in contact with the oral mucosa.
These microorganisms along with micro trauma of the surface of the oral mucosa may be one of the etiological factors in the development of intolerance to acrylic dentures.

Synthesis And Morphological Study Of Polyaniline

Samala Sai; Anil Kumar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 3848-3852

An experiment was done for the synthesis of the two types of polyaniline one is with the solvent and the other is without the solvent, after that we dry in the vacuum oven, which gives the two different types of morphologies. The polyaniline was prepared by the chemical oxidative polymerization method. For the characterisation of the polyaniline here we use scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Polyaniline is easily synthesised and available at a low cost. The prepared polyaniline has shown the amorphous nature of material.

MОRPHOLOGY OF THE INTERACTION OF DENTURES FROM THE MUCOUS MEMBRANE OF ORAL CAVITY IN INDIVIDUALS WITH INTOLERANT TO ACRYLATES

Gulnara Muminova; Anvar Alimov; Fakhriddin Shamsiev; Kamola Abduyusupova

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 2896-2903

Using the method of scanning electron microscopy learned the
state of the surface of dentures and the oral mucosa in individuals that
intolerant to acrylic dentures.
It was found that in case of intolerance to acrylic dentures significant
accumulation of microorganisms and their proliferation are determined on the
surface of the prosthetics in contact with the oral mucosa.
These microorganisms along with micro trauma of the surface of the oral
mucosa may be one of the etiological factors in the development of
intolerance to acrylic dentures.

Discriminating Anthropometric Characteristics of Malaysian Youth Handball Players

Jeffrey F.L. Low; Siti Musliha Mat-Rasid; Ruaibah Yazani Tengah; Normah Jusoh; Muazu Musa; Norlaila Azura Kosni

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 6008-6018

This study aimed to determine the morphological profile among youth handball players based on anthropometric measurements and identify the most significant variables that differentiated the players. The samples of 156 male and 157 female were obtained among Malaysian youth handball players, and its main tributaries were evaluated for anthropometric measurements (body weight, standing height, body mass index, leg length and arm span). Multivariate methods of Hierarchical Agglomerative Cluster Analysis (HACA) and Discriminant Analysis (DA) were used to determine the groups and studied the variations of the most significant anthropometric variables. Three clusters of morphological characteristics (BS1, BS2 and BS3) in handball were shaped in view by HACA for male and female players. HACA assigned 41, 83 and 32 male players in BS1, BS2 and BS3 clusters, respectively. Meanwhile, a total of 63, 79 and 13 female players were assigned in BS1, BS2 and BS3 clusters, respectively. For male players, the percentage of classification correctness using standard mode is 97.44% with five significant variables (body weight, standing height, body mass index, leg length and armspan). Forward stepwise DA revealed 96.79% correctness with only two significant variables (body weight and arm span), while backward stepwise DA revealed 97.44% classification correctness with four significant variables out of five by removing leg length parameter. For female players, the classification correctness using standard mode is 93.63% with five significant (body weight, standing height, body mass index, leg length and armspan). Forward stepwise DA revealed 94.27% correctness with only two significant variables (body weight and arm span), while backward stepwise DA revealed 93.63% classification correctness with four significant variables out of five by removing also leg length parameter. Information on the physical characteristics of players can help coaches appointed the appropriate position according to their morphological profile category. This approach, in the long run, is beneficial to reduce the time, save manpower and make decisions scientifically.

EFFECTS OF MORPHOLOGICAL CHANGES IN SELLA TURCICA: A REVIEW

Chandrakala B; Govindarajan Sumathy; Bhaskaran Sathyapriya; Pavishwarya P; Sweta Jain

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1662-1667

Sella turcica is a saddle shaped bony structure present on the sphenoid bone. The pituitary gland is seated at the inferior aspect of the sella turcica, called hypophyseal fossa. Sella turcica serves as a cephalometric landmark, that being said any morphological changes can affect the overall craniometry of the individual as well as alter the function of the structures it lodges. The following review emphasis on the possible morphological changes of sella turcica and its effects on the individual.

BIODIAGNOSTIC INDICATORS OF IRRIGATED SOILS OF BUKHARA OASIS

Lazizakhon Gafurova; Odiljon Sharipov; Dilafruz Makhkamova; Gulchekhra Nabieva

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 379-391

This article presents the morphological, agrochemical, physicochemical and chemical properties of soils of irrigated meadow-alluvial and irrigated desert-sandy soils of Bukhara Oasis. Indicators of biological activity of soils, their seasonal dynamics, evaluation of the level of biological activity of soils on the basis of integral indicators of soil main texture-properties, transformation coefficient, biogenicity, ecological-biological status of organic matter of irrigated soils of the territory are given.

Effect Of A Genetically Modified Product On The Morphological Parameters Of The Rat’s Spleen And Thymus

Khasanova Dilnoza Ahrorovna

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 3364-3370

In the experimental group of laboratory animals, visible changes in the spleen are noted, characterized by an increase in size, average weight, and changes in the structure and color of the organ under study. High synchronicity in quantitative changes in the cytoarchitectonics of the subcapsular, cortical and medullary substance of the thymus and the central and peripheral part of the lymphoid nodule and the red pulp of the spleen was revealed under the conditions of GMO use. It is characterized by inter-organ linear correlation relationships between cell types of the same name and different names, and in some cases even corresponds to the values within the organs. This means that a genetically modified product-soy flour - negatively affects the condition of the spleen and thymus.

MORPHOLOGICAL AND MORPHOMETRICAL ANALYSIS OF ILIUM WITH REFERENCE TO ILIAC CREST OF PELVIC BONE FOR SEX DETERMINATION

S. Santhosh Bala; Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj; Vivek Narayan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 843-849

Determination or identification of sex of an unknown individual is the most important step in forensic science and archeology. The morphometrical analysis of the human pelvic bone is considered to be the hallmark for sex determination. Morphometrical analysis is the study and measurement of shape, size and structure of the pelvic bone in this case. In the present study a total of 24 dry human pelvic bones of known sex (12 male and 12 female) and without any gross abnormality were collected from the department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Chennai, India for evaluation. Sliding vernier calipers were used for measuring the iliac crest length and depth. All the data obtained were statistically tabulated using SPSS and represented graphically. The average value of the right sided male pelvic bone was 41.47mm and the left sided average value for males was 40.92mm. The average value of the left side and right side of the iliac crest was 42.97mm and 43.63mm. Respectively for the females With clear varying mean values of the male and female pelvic bones it is clear that the sex can determined using iliac crest of pelvic bone and serves as a reliable criteria