Keywords : LBW Babies
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 3422-3429
Introduction: Observational study to find out maternal risk factors associated with low birth weight babies & their association with the morbidity and mortality.
Materials& Methods: The maternal demographic profile, previous obstetric history, risk factors, causes of preterm labor, low birth weight babies, and delivery outcome were recorded. Similarly, the immediate neonatal morbidity and mortality were recorded. Both data of maternal and neonatal profile were pooled and analyzed by using proper statistical method.
Results: All the babies who weighed 1500g at birth were born preterm. All the mothers who were less than 40 kg in weight had delivered VLBW (<1500gms). Majority of the mother (76.5%) belong to lower & upper lower socioeconomic status according to Modified Prasad classification. 44.5% of the mothers were illiterate & 43.5% had only primary education. The morbidities found among babies were sepsis (19%), followed by jaundice (14.5%), RDS (11%), birth asphyxia (9.5%). Most common maternal risk factors were Anemia (92.5%) & improper antenatal visit (71.5%). 17 newborn (8.5%) died during their stay in hospital (within 7 days).70.5%babies were premature. Causes of mortalities in the study were probable septicemia (50%), respiratory distress syndrome (41.6%) & birth asphyxia (8.3%).
Conclusions: Present study reveals that increase in gestational age was directly proportional to birth weight. Lighter the babies more the chances are of premature birth which is statistically highly significant (p=0.00). Out of 200 LBW babies 40% were premature babies. 28.5% of mothers were booked mothers. Statistically significant correlation was found on correlating maternal demographic factor with physical parameters of baby.