Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Maternal Risk Factors


PREVALANCE OF FETAL UNDERNUTRITION IN NEONATES AND MATERNAL RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH IT IN COASTAL AREAS OF KARAIKAL

Dr Soumini Sasidharan , Dr. Pagadpally Srinivas , Dr Mythily Srinivas

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2023, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 552-560

Fetal undernutrition is a major public health problem in India. Fetal malnutrition or fetal undernutrition is defined as failure to acquire adequate quantum of fat and muscle mass during intrauterine growth. Poor maternal nutrition and placental insufficiency are the two main causes of fetal malnutrition Fetal undernutrition leads to morbidity in adulthood which in turn leads to fetal undernutrition of subsequent generation, it is a vicious cycle. CAN score is the gold standard method for identifying fetal undernutrition

Correlation of Maternal Profile and Neonatal Outcome Among Low Birth Weight Babies

Amit Shandilya, Jyoti Pande, Mamta Dhaneria, Abhijeet Joshi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 3422-3429

Introduction: Observational study to find out maternal risk factors associated with low birth weight babies & their association with the morbidity and mortality.
Materials& Methods: The maternal demographic profile, previous obstetric history, risk factors, causes of preterm labor, low birth weight babies, and delivery outcome were recorded. Similarly, the immediate neonatal morbidity and mortality were recorded. Both data of maternal and neonatal profile were pooled and analyzed by using proper statistical method.
Results: All the babies who weighed 1500g at birth were born preterm. All the mothers who were less than 40 kg in weight had delivered VLBW (<1500gms). Majority of the mother (76.5%) belong to lower & upper lower socioeconomic status according to Modified Prasad classification. 44.5% of the mothers were illiterate & 43.5% had only primary education. The morbidities found among babies were sepsis (19%), followed by jaundice (14.5%), RDS (11%), birth asphyxia (9.5%). Most common maternal risk factors were Anemia (92.5%) & improper antenatal visit (71.5%). 17 newborn (8.5%) died during their stay in hospital (within 7 days).70.5%babies were premature. Causes of mortalities in the study were probable septicemia (50%), respiratory distress syndrome (41.6%) & birth asphyxia (8.3%).
Conclusions: Present study reveals that increase in gestational age was directly proportional to birth weight. Lighter the babies more the chances are of premature birth which is statistically highly significant (p=0.00). Out of 200 LBW babies 40% were premature babies. 28.5% of mothers were booked mothers. Statistically significant correlation was found on correlating maternal demographic factor with physical parameters of baby.