Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Prematurity

Effect Of Oromotor Stimulation In Preterm Infants In Intensive Care Unit

Alice Jeba J; Prathap Suganthirababu; Shivaprakash sosale; Vignesh Srinivasan; Vanitha Jayaraj; Divyalaxmi. P

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 8, Pages 252-262

Purpose:Oromotor interventions are used to stimulate thefeeding process orally among infants of preterm. To find the impact of oral motor mediationamong preterm infants alongwith suckling of non-nutritive and conversionperiod ofkangaroo mother care from tube feeds to spoon feeding of partial/full and breast feeds of partial in pre-term infants.
Methods:This study of randomized controlled trail was directed in the neonatal unit of level III at Tertiary Care hospital, Bangalore, from May 2019 - August 2019. One hundred infants(28-37weeks) were randomized as intervention group (n=50) and control (n=50) group. Both the groups were further subdivided into very preterm(28.0-31.6 weeks) (n=25) and moderate to latepreterminfants (32.0- 36.6 weeks) (n=25) regarding their gestational age. Preterm newborn who were in intervention group received five minutes of premature infant oral motor intervention (POMI), two times consecutively for ten days along with routine care and in control group with routine care only, which includes nonnutritive sucking and kangaroo mother care. Then transition duration was evaluated between both the groups from gavage to spoon feed of partial or full and partial breast feeds.

Correlation of Maternal Profile and Neonatal Outcome Among Low Birth Weight Babies

Amit Shandilya, Jyoti Pande, Mamta Dhaneria, Abhijeet Joshi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 3422-3429

Introduction: Observational study to find out maternal risk factors associated with low birth weight babies & their association with the morbidity and mortality.
Materials& Methods: The maternal demographic profile, previous obstetric history, risk factors, causes of preterm labor, low birth weight babies, and delivery outcome were recorded. Similarly, the immediate neonatal morbidity and mortality were recorded. Both data of maternal and neonatal profile were pooled and analyzed by using proper statistical method.
Results: All the babies who weighed 1500g at birth were born preterm. All the mothers who were less than 40 kg in weight had delivered VLBW (<1500gms). Majority of the mother (76.5%) belong to lower & upper lower socioeconomic status according to Modified Prasad classification. 44.5% of the mothers were illiterate & 43.5% had only primary education. The morbidities found among babies were sepsis (19%), followed by jaundice (14.5%), RDS (11%), birth asphyxia (9.5%). Most common maternal risk factors were Anemia (92.5%) & improper antenatal visit (71.5%). 17 newborn (8.5%) died during their stay in hospital (within 7 days).70.5%babies were premature. Causes of mortalities in the study were probable septicemia (50%), respiratory distress syndrome (41.6%) & birth asphyxia (8.3%).
Conclusions: Present study reveals that increase in gestational age was directly proportional to birth weight. Lighter the babies more the chances are of premature birth which is statistically highly significant (p=0.00). Out of 200 LBW babies 40% were premature babies. 28.5% of mothers were booked mothers. Statistically significant correlation was found on correlating maternal demographic factor with physical parameters of baby.