Keywords : Phases of Menstrual Cycle
Effect of Acute Bout of Moderate Exercise on P300 Component of Event-Related Potential in Young Women During Different Phases of Menstrual Cycle: An Institutional Based Study
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 3453-3457
Background: The effect of physical activity on the brain and cognition has attracted the interest of many researchers. The present study was conducted to determine the effect of acute bout of moderate exercise in cognitive processing in young women during different phases of menstrual cycle.
Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional observational study conducted on 45 young, normally menstruating women with normal auditory capability. Each participant attended two laboratory sessions, one of which was in the early follicular phase and the other was in mid-luteal phase. The data collection pro forma was used to record information pertaining to anthropometric measurements following which physiological parameters. Basal brachial artery systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), pulse pressure (PP) values were recorded. Central BP and HR, basal P300 was recorded.
Results: A total of 45 subjects participated in the present study. There were significant changes in all cardiovascular parameters in post-exercise session in comparison to pre-exercise session in both phases of menstrual cycle. The P300 latency showed significant decrease in postexercise session when recorded at Cz as well as Pz position in both phases of menstrual cycle. However, P300 latency recorded at Fz position displayed no significant change at post-exercise session in comparison to pre-exercise session during both phases of menstrual cycle.
Conclusion: The present study concluded that an acute bout of moderate exercise caused significant decrease in latency of P300 ERP in the participants during both phases of menstrual cycle. That means even acute bout of moderate exercise enhances cognitive functioning of the individual.