Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : justice


MESNAVI “TARIHI MULUKI AJAM” - THE FRUIT OF THE SCIENTIST'S RATIONAL THINKING

Iroda Pardaeva

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 432-441

Alisher Navoi, touching on the theme of the perfect man, exaggerates and interprets the concepts of the state and spirituality in detail, comparing the symbols of the dervish and the ruler. These two concepts were considered in eastern philosophy as incompatible dimensions. But from the point of view of Navoi, they must be mutually agreed and supported by each other. Just as divinity and materialism, the world and the afterlife are interconnected, spirituality and state are inseparable. State becomes richer, stronger, closer to people, if it goes to spirituality. Spiritual education is necessary for both the ordinary citizen and the head of the country. That is, regardless of whether a person is the owner of the property or a king or ruler, if he accepts the faith of a dervish, he can achieve perfection and become closer to God.
The work “Tarihi muluki Ajam” of Navoi gives an ideal picture of the ideal ruler who has achieved such perfection (dervishism and rule), which he dreamed of seeing.
By writing “Tarihi muluki Ajam” with religious, philosophical, socio-political, and moral-educational content, the author was the first to create an independent historical, literary, and prosaic work depicting the image of rulers in the Uzbek language.
Navoi covers the history of the kings of ancient Iran and calls on the rulers to follow the example of past kings. Such an ideological goal was also put forward in the epic “Hayrat ul-Abror”, “Farhod va Shirin”, “Sab’ai sayyor”, “Saddi Iskandari” which were created before this work. But in these works, writer, whose historical goals were described as an artistically conceived image, had a harmonious image to his dreams, goals. In the work “Tarihi muluki Ajam”, artistic heroes in “Hamsa” appear before our eyes as a historical person or ruler. Their position in society and their original way of life are described by the author in simple and understandable language.
The ideal ruler in the writer's dreams is often portrayed in the person of Shah Gazi or Iskandar (Alexander the Great). One of the artistic incarnations of the Timurid rulers, Husayn Boyqaro in the poetry of Navoi imagined as Shah Gazi. In this regard, we consider it appropriate to dwell more on the personality of Husayn Boyqaro.

FAMILY IS A SOCIAL PHENOMENON OF THE NATION'S PR

Matluba Tillavoldieva; Ekaterina Li; Gulchehrakhon Eshanova; Nurkhon Aminova; Shakhlo Khalmetova

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 1697-1700

Abstract This article is devoted to the role of the family in social development, the
moral foundations of family relations and their views on the role of the family in family
life, especially in the upbringing and moral development of youth. Moreover, it analyzes
how each family acts in accordance with the needs of the community, and the development
of society, which directly depends on the level of socio-economic and spiritual development
of families in it.

Issues For Improving The First Instance Court Decisions On Civil Cases

Davlatjon Khabibullaev

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 6132-6141

In this article, the concept of first instance court decisions in civil cases and their types have been analyzed. In particular, the concept and types of court decisions, the scientific and theoretical views of legal scholars in this area were studied. The first instance court decisions, its peculiarities, the requirements to them have scientifically and theoretically been analyzed. Some items have been revealed in the final part of the court decision as well as a comparative analysis of the foreign countries’ experience in this regard, and suggestions and recommendations for improving the national civil procedural legislation have been discussed in the article. The work also analyzes the concept, objectives and specific procedural features of external proceedings, foreign experience in external proceedings, and comments that do not necessarily need to improve national procedural management. In addition, in this research work, the concept of court rulings and their classification have been studied in scientific theory. The scientific views of legal scholars were analyzed and the criteria for classifying court rulings were indicated. As another document of the first instance court, the court order and its significance, its role in court decisions, comparative analysis of civil procedural legislation of foreign countries, judicial practice, court statistics were analyzed.

Representation Of Rape Cases In Indian Dailies With Special Reference To ‘Nirbhaya’ Gangrape.

Afaq Ahmad; Seema Shukla; Kavita Verma

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 4213-4220

Press is considered the fourth pillar of any democratic setup. India is a democratic country; therefore, newspapers play an agenda-setting role in the country. The cases of rape are ubiquitous phenomenon and reported every day in newspapers. A 23-year-old female was brutally raped and murdered by six adult men and one 17 years old juvenile in the year 2012. This brutal gang rape attracted media headlines not only in India but across the world due to its horrific nature in which the crime was committed. The present research paper attempts to understand the representation of rape in newspapers with special reference to Delhi gang rape case. The researcher has also conducted comparative analysis of representation of high-profile rape cases and normal rape cases. To analyze the reports the data were collected from three Hindi and three English newspapers namely Dainik Jagran, Hindustan, Dainik Bhaskar, The Times of India, The Tribune and The Hindu published from Dehradun. The researchers used electronic version of editions for the study. All the news items were read and re-read carefully and analyzed thematically. The study shows that newspapers highlight those stories and give extensive coverage to those rape incidents which have elements of sympathy, public apathy and exposure of such incidents by means of protests.

Scientific, Theoretical And Practical Issues Of Improving Law Enforcement

Shukhrat Mashrabovich Mirzaev

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 5370-5383

In this article author had searched the actual scientific and theoretical issues about the conception law enforcement activity as well as the attributes of its authorities. In the article author also had analyzed the opinions on the complex issues of the difficult system of public service and made his suggestions.